There are 467 items in this category

 ITALY FRANCE OCCUPATION APENNIN DEPT CHIAVARI SARZANA
Country: ITALY
Condition: ITALY FRANCE OCCUPATION APENNIN DEPT CHIAVARI SARZANA
Description: POSTAL HISTORY OF THE DEPARTEMENT DES APENNINS 1805-184 By Raffaele Ciccarelli in Italian, paperback, 2005, 138 pp, many illustrations POSTAL LAWS POSTAL ORGANIZATION POST OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT POSTMARKS POSTAL RATES COURIERS ESTAFETTES FOOT COURIERS END OF THE FRENCH OCCUPATION
Price: $33.00
Item Id #009630    See Details...
NEW NEW NEW EDITION: THE POSTAL HISTORY OF LOMBARDY UNDER AUSTRIAN RULE: 1707-1796 -- by Giorgio Migliavacca
Country: ITALY
Condition: LOMBARDY UNDER AUSTRIA 1707-1796
Description: NEW NEW NEW EDITION: THE POSTAL HISTORY OF LOMBARDY UNDER AUSTRIAN RULE: 1707-1796 -- by Giorgio Migliavacca *************** 64 pages - beautifully illustrated throughout LARGE FORMAT 8 inches x 11 inches - in English - fantastic INDEX, Huge Bibliography, MANY MAPS Limited Edition of 100 copies, most copies have been placed to subscribers!!! already **** FROM Dr. McCann's FOREWORD **** This book fills a major gap in the published literature on the postal history of Northern Italy during the 1700s. Drawing on research published in the early 1980s in Italy, Switzerland, England and USA, Giorgio Migliavacca offers here a more comprehensive look at the postal history of Lombardy under Austrian rule. The main body of this research, was published by the Postal History Journal in 1983-1984, and was favourably reviewed in The London Philatelist two years later. It has now been augmented here by the first-ever Chronology of the Posts in Lombardy from 200 BC to 1800 AD, as well as a very informative Timeline of major historical developments affecting Milan and its territory from 1700 to 1800. New illustrations have been added and the reader can now benefit from a more complete picture of a very important but little known chapter of Italian postal history. Since the days of Charles V, Milan had been deemed the key to the Italian peninsula and the richest city in all of Italy, which was itself then the richest country in Europe. During the 172 years of Spanish rule that followed the economy witnessed a steady deterioration, but the strategic and postal pre-eminence of Milan had not lost its lustre. In 1706 Milan entered Vienna’s orbit and, apart from the traumatizing Napoleonic interlude, was to remain in it until 1859. What the author tells is the result of a thorough investigation based on documentation in the Italian and other European Archives, and on a wide range of unusual literary references. Although this book focuses on postal communications it also provides the reader vivid insights into socio-economic and political aspects of the day-to-day life of the people of the Lombardy region during the 1700s. The introduction of postmarks, the postal and administrative reforms, the postal relations and agreements with nearby states are discussed with a wealth of details disclosing much information never published before. A large section is devoted to postal communications in times of epidemics and public health precautions and measures affecting communications in general. Special emphasis is placed on health passports. Previously unpublished and hitherto unavailable data on the subject is divulged here for the first time. The narrative, which is lively but historically verified, is full of stories which should interest even the general reader. For example, a nobleman living on a tiny island in Lake Maggiore wanted the courier to pick up his mail. Having his request refused, Count Federico Borromeo recruited a rogue Captain to threaten the courier. In another incident, Marquis Antonio Maria Melzi interfered with and actually censored the mails for almost twenty years. In fact, he was an undercover spy for Vienna, even reporting on the private correspondence of the Governors of Milan. From the newly added Postal Chronology the reader will learn about many significant postal developments. In compiling this specific section the author has revised, updated, incorporated and expanded research published by himself and leading Italian scholars in recent years, most notably Clemente Fedele, Franco Filanci, Vito Salierno and Bruno Caizzi. The Chronology further benefits from original research carried out by the Author some twenty-five years ago at the State Archive of Milan where he studied documents of the Postal Archive of Lombardy. These, together with similar documentation retrieved from Spanish archives will form the basis of a new book in Italian by Migliavacca. The appendixes focus on postal rates; coins used in Lombardy in the 1700s; and the 1785 postal agreement with the Republic of Venice (transcribed in its entirety, in its first-ever English translation). A very useful index, a list of additional sources, and a select bibliography complete this book. Famous historians such as James West Davidson and Mark Hamilton Lytle wrote that “being courier to the past is not enough; for better or worse, historians inescapably leave an imprint as they go about their business: asking interesting questions about apparently dull facts, seeing connections between subjects that had not seemed related before, shifting and rearranging evidence until it assumes a coherent pattern. The past is not history: only the raw material of it.” *** Peter P. McCann, PhD, FRPSL Vice President, FIP
Price: $49.00
Item Id #009796    See Details...
LA POSTA MILITARE CON L’AFRICA ORIENTALE
Country: ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Condition: LA POSTA MILITARE CON L’AFRICA ORIENTALE
Description: Typology of the various postmarks * Censor Marks * Accessorial & Instructional markings used by most FPOs * Air Mail delivery and routes * Checklist of the FPOs and Units they served * Use of postage free forces postal stationery and its discontinuation * FPOs opening dates and closing dates * Italian East Africa Civilian Post Offices as of 1 January 1938 * FPOs Basic Check List and Evaluations * Italian East Africa—A Chronology, 1888-1952. THIS IS A MUST HAVE bibliophile publication. 36 pages - 28 centimeters high - many illustrations - highly recommended - limited edition reprint of 75 copies, many already sold to subscribers - ************ PREFAZIONE ALLA RISTAMPA Questo progetto editoriale si propone di offrire al collezionista di poste militari l’occasione per rivisitare una serie di articoli di Virgilio Lunardon sulla campagna nell’Africa Orientale del 1936- 1937 pubblicati dalla gloriosa Rivista Filatelica d’Italia mentre la campagna era in corso. Senza alcun dubbio gli articoli hanno tutti i pregi dell’attualità storico postale dell’epoca e, rileggendoli, ci si rende subito conto che dopo 70 anni le notizie tecniche contenute sono ancora valide e restano un punto di riferimento di grande rilievo. Inoltre, ho ritenuto opportuno pubblicare un elenco di tutti gli annulli noti utilizzando i dati pubblicati nella pregevolissima antologia sulle poste militari in Africa stilata dai membri dell’Associazione Italiana Collezionisti Posta Militare, aggiungendovi le quotazioni aggiornate usando come base le aste AICPM, i listini di vendita di commercianti e vari cataloghi d’asta. Al fine di rendere fruibile il volume anche per i lettori che non parlano l’italiano, è stata inserita la cronologia dell’AOI dal 1888 and 1952 oltre che note, appunti e didascalie in inglese, intercalate nei punti opportuni. Nel riproporre gli scritti di Lunardon spero di aver fatto cosa gradita ai collezionisti e mi auguro che questa pubblicazione possa contribuire ad un maggiore sviluppo del settore. Giorgio Migliavacca ***************** PREFACE TO THE 2007 REPRINT This reprint gives the opportunity to the increasing number of military mail collectors to re-visit a very interesting series of articles on the 1936-7 campaign in East Africa written by Virgilio Lunardon, and published by the renowned Rivista Filatelica d’Italia while the campaign was still in progress. In fact, Lunardon’s articles have all the qualities of eyewitness news reports of postal history in the making. The reader will also realise that although 70 years have elapsed since their publication, these articles hold their ground and remain required reading for both the novice and the specialist. A checklist of all known FPO postmarks has been added; it is largely based on the research presented in the splendid volume on Italian FPOs in Africa published by AICPM (the Italian Society of Military Mail Collectors) about 30 years ago. Additionally, the checklist gives the market value for each postmark based on recent AICPM auctions, public auctions, and dealers price lists. Captions and annotations in English have been inserted where appropriate to disseminate the information on an international scale. Similarly a chronology of Italian East Africa covering the events, both historical and philatelic, between 1888 and 1952, has been added. I sincerely hope that the publication of this reprint will increase the number of collectors of this most interesting chapter of Italian and East African postal history. --- Giorgio Migliavacca
Price: $39.00
Item Id #010271    See Details...
EAST AFRICA ITALY POW INTERNEES 1940-1947 New Edition
Country: KENYA
Condition: EAST AFRICA ITALY POW INTERNEES 1940-1947 BY WEISBECKER ** NEW EDITION
Description: EAST AFRICA ITALY POW INTERNEES 1940-1947 BY WEISBECKER ** NEW EDITION WALTER G. WEISBECKER *** CAMP MAIL OF ITALIAN PRISONERS OF WAR AND CIVILIAN INTERNEES IN EAST AFRICA 1940-1947 *** NEW LIMITED EDITION over 130 illustrations in black & white, spiral bound. 166 pages 8 x 11 - Filled with very useful information complemented by a good 6-page INDEX. Plus a NEW 26-page ADDENDA & UPDATE to the 1981 edition of which only 100 copies had been printed. This research covers POW, Internee and Evacuee Camps in ETHIOPIA, SOMALIA, KENYA, SUDAN, TANGANYIKA, ERITREA, UGANDA, RHODESIA, BRITISH SOMALILAND. The lay-out of the original work has been improved where possible and this reprint is printed on high quality, extra white paper from short fibre pulp from eucalyptus trees, chlorine free. THIS IS A MUST HAVE bibliophile publication. ****** FROM THE Foreword to the New Millennium Edition A native of Seattle, Walter G. Weisbecker was a highly respected senior official of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in Rome. He made Italy his home after meeting his future wife Antonietta. Walter was also a recognised authority on the Italian presence in East Africa, particularly Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia, with many of his articles being published by leading stamp and postal history magazines in Europe and in the United States. He contacted me in 1980, shortly after the publication of my book on the Italian Prisoners of War in Africa during World War II. Walter told me frankly that he could write a much more exhaustive work on the subject and I did not miss the opportunity to tell him that if ever he needed a publisher I was more than willing to be both his publisher and editor. From this initial conversation that could so easily have generated negative vibes, in fact a very constructive friendship was born. The book that you are holding in your hands was published in less than six months, in mid-1981, and before that year ended Walter had been showered with silver medals at international exhibitions such as Tokyo 81 and WIPA 81. These accolades were buttressed by a series of very favourable reviews and Walter told me that he felt a great sense of achievement. He won silver medals the following year at the First World Philatelic Literature Exhibition in Milan and in Chicago. Walter exhibited his collection at a stamp exhibition in my hometown, Pavia, and won a gold medal. Stuart Rossiter described his collection as one of the top three and probably the best of the three . The best compliment Walter paid to me was his seeking my input on quite a few articles he was writing for Italian and English magazines. His book starts by reproducing some of the relevant articles from the 1929 International (Geneva) Convention on the Treatment of P.O.W.s, followed by a an informative account of the background of the campaign. Chapter I starts with the first East African civilian internment camps in Southern Rhodesia, Kenya and elsewhere in September 1939. It continues with the Italian declaration of War on 10 June 1940 and the enlargement of the camps to take Italians as well as Germans. The Italian invasion of Sudan, British Somaliland and Kenya prompted the British to retaliate early in 1941 and by October camps were needed for 65,000 Italian P.O.W.s. Eventually there were some 200,000 P.O.W.s to accommodate and camps were sited in Sudan, British Somaliland, Italian East Africa, Uganda, Kenya, Tanganyika, Nyasaland, Northern and Southern Rhodesia. The early civilian internment camps at Salisbury and Hartley are dealt with in Chapter II and are followed by the P.O.W./civilian internment camps 1941-1942, the definitive camps, the evacuee and refugee camps from 1942. Postal stationery, much of it captured from the Italians and overprinted and adapted by the British, fills Chapter VI, and is followed by the handstamps, censor markings and labels divided under the East African and the Middle East Commands. There are over ninety covers illustrated and they help to bring this book to life. On the whole, Weisbecker makes this complex subject appear uncomplicated, largely through his skill in organising and presenting the fruits of his research. A six-page index is primarily keyed to camp names and locations. In reviewing Weisbecker s book for The London Philatelist, Stuart Rossiter wrote that it is perhaps ironic that the first comprehensive book in English on this subject should be from an American pen and that it should be published by the author of a briefer work on the same subject as recently as last year. However it is a good combination. Robson Lowe wrote a very positive review for The Philatelist and described the book as a model of the humanity of postal history . Robbie noted that he rarely picked up a volume which contained more interesting information in the text of a time when he was alive. After moving to the other side of the Atlantic, in 1983, I looked forward to continuing my correspondence with Walter, but then, most unexpectedly Antonietta wrote to me with the most sad news of Walter s death. I felt I had lost a true friend. The 1981 edition of Weisbecker s work was out of print in a matter of months, and in later years many collectors contacted me with the hope of obtaining copies. However, only now the opportunity has presented itself to produce a new limited edition. In most instances the illustrations have been improved upon, and borrowing from my personal collection some new and significant illustrations and updates have been added. This 26-page addenda gives more than a glimpse at what a learning experience collecting postal history is. The publication of this new edition is a tribute to a major postal historian whose work is still very much valid and cannot be ignored by the new generation of scholars. I have continued to collect Prisoners Of War postal history material and I have managed to add considerably to my research files. Therefore, I would like to invite collectors to contact me with any supplementary information that can shed new light. In fact, I am planning to publish a new edition in Italian and English of my book that was mentioned earlier. GIORGIO MIGLIAVACCA
Price: $85.00
Item Id #010473    See Details...
IONIAN ISLANDS Greece Italy by Bernardelli 1790-1920s
Condition: IONIAN ISLANDS Greece Italy by Bernardelli 1790-1920s
Description: IONIAN ISLANDS—LE ISOLE JONIE by Bernardelli, in Italian, 12 pages with many illustrations, modern reprint of the 1943 article serialised in Rivista Filatelica d’Italia— still very useful, giving information about postmarks from late 1700s to the 1920s- Seminal work very useful, and required reading for the specialist THIS IS A MUST HAVE COMPENDIUM WE SHIP WORLDWIDE
Price: $9.50
Item Id #003417    See Details...
POSTAL HISTORY OF THE DODECANESE (AEGEAN) ISLANDS
Country: AEGEAN ISLANDS
Condition: POSTAL HISTORY OF THE DODECANESE (AEGEAN) ISLANDS
Description: REPRINT OF THE 1965 ARTICLE BY MOSES C. CONSTANTINIS, 20 pages, with illustrations, good information for starters, covering the years from 1912 to 1947
Price: $14.00
Item Id #010567    See Details...
BRITAIN OCC ITALY COLONIES Study P. 3 incl Forgeries
Country: BOFIC
Condition: BRITAIN OCC ITALY COLONIES Study P. 3 incl Forgeries
Description: BRITISH OCCUPATION OF FORMER ITALIAN COLONIES by GBOS: POSTAGE STAMP ISSUES (study paper 3) spiral bound, in English, 38 pages with useful blow-ups of overprints including forgeries volume indispensabile per lo specialista
Price: $33.00
Item Id #010568    See Details...
BRITAIN OCCUPATION RHODES LIBYA SOMALIA ERITREA Supplement TO PART 1 & 2
Country: BOFIC
Condition: BRITAIN OCCUPATION RHODES LIBYA SOMALIA ERITREA Supplement TO PART 1 & 2
Description: British Occupation of Former Italian Colonies - SUPPLEMENT to study paper 1 & 2 - in English - deals with CANCELLATIONS & POSTMARKS including AIR MAIL and FPOs plus Registration, Postal Stationerey etc - long out of print and difficult to find GOOD QUALITY PHOTOCOPIED REPRINT BY PUBLISHER volume indispensabile per lo specialista
Price: $36.00
Item Id #010569    See Details...
SOMALIA STAMPS & THEIR STORY by Migliavacca
Country: SOMALIA
Condition: SOMALIA STAMPS & THEIR STORY by Migliavacca
Description: THE STAMPS OF SOMALIA AND THEIR STORY - by Giorgio Migliavacca; 112 pages illustrated throughout, 1860s-1990s chronology, Lion & Elephant definitives, postage due, air mail, parcel post. Grand Award winning handbook in English, very useful, limited stock, perfect bound GRAND AWARD WITH FELICITATIONS & VERMEIL: COLOPEX 97 VERMEIL: STAMPSHOW 97 VERMEIL: CHICAGOPEX 97 VERMEIL: OKPEX 98 VERMEIL: CNPLE CANADA
Price: $44.00
Item Id #009093    See Details...
GRAND-DUCHY TUSCANY PREPHILATELIC POSTMARKS 1760s-1851 NEW FABULOUS CATALOGUE HARDBOUND
Country: ITALY
Condition: GRAND-DUCHY TUSCANY PREPHILATELIC POSTMARKS 1760s-1851 NEW FABULOUS CATALOGUE HARDBOUND
Description: IN ITALIAN HARDBOUND, HIGH QUALITY PAPER, LAVISHLY PRODUCED 220 PAGES + TRANSPARENCIES TO FIND CORRECT TYPES & SUB-TYPES ILLUSTRATED THROUGHOUT ALL THE PRE-PHILATELIC POSTMARKS OF TUSCANY FROM 1760s TO 1851 IT INCLUDES POSTMARKS OF THE VARIOUS POST OFFICES FROM ARCIDOSSO TO VOLTERRA, IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER RAILWAY POSTMARKS DISINFECTED MAIL HANDSTAMPS PROVENANCE & ROUTING HANDSTAMPS ACCOUNTANCY MARKS & ARRANGEMENTS SEA MAIL AS WITH THE EARLIER VOLLMEIR WORK ON THE SAME SUBJECT, ONCE SOLD OUT THIS BOOK WILL BECOME A RARITY IN ITSELF BUY IT NOW & YOU WILL BE GLAD WE SHIP WORLDWIDE
Price: $99.00
Item Id #003631    See Details...
FIUME STAMPS & POSTAL HISTORY BY DEHN in English
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME STAMPS & POSTAL HISTORY BY DEHN in English
Description: The Stamps and Postal History of Fiume 1600-1924, by Roy A. Dehn, Published 1998 by the Author. Perfect bound 6 1/2 x 9 1/2 card cover, 120 pages, 141 black and white illustrations - ISBN 0 9532797 0 7. When looking at the vast amount of literature on the stamps and postal history of the Italian area published in the English language, most philatelists will realize that this is not only a fascinating area but also one where scholarly research can be accessed quite easily. Sometimes, as is the case with the book under review, the information is first published in English; and this does not happen with English-speaking authors only but with Italian scholars too. Emilio Diena, to cite a major example, published his opus magnus on the stamps of Sicily in English, and there are many similar cases where Italian readers have to wait in line for quite a few years before the information becomes available in their own language. Up until the publication of this book there virtually was no monograph on the stamps and postal history of Fiume. The Fiume section of the Catalogo Storico e Descrittivo dei francobolli d’Italia published in 1923 was not reliable (see Rivista Filatelica d’Italia, July 1924, p. 204-5). To complicate things the bad publicity about the endless number of forged overprints and forged stamps, compounded by the apparent difficulties in deciphering the six hand overprints was a big deterrent. The few articles written on the subject were in Italian and occasionally in German; but things improved during the 1970s and 1980s when Dehn began to publish a series of articles in Italian and British magazines. Nevertheless it was not enough and the need for a monograph was all too evident. We are glad that the project has finally come to fruition. Now, of course, Italian publishers want to publish an Italian edition of Dehn’s book to satisfy a sizable demand on the domestic market. At the end of World War One the Croatian port of Fiume (now called Rijeka) on the East side of the Northern Adriatic Sea became the subject of controversy between the new nation of Yugoslavia and Italy. Fiume dates back to Roman times when it was called “Tarsatica” or “Terra Fluminis Sancti Viti” (the river-land of St Vitus); Fiume, in fact means river. In 1465 the Waldsee dynasty came to an end and the Habsburgs inherited Fiume from them. This was a valuable acquisition since it gave Austria a much needed outlet on the sea. It later became Hungary’s only major port when it was annexed to that country in 1776 by a decree of Empress Maria Theresa. In 1809 Fiume was incorporated into the Napoleonic province of Illyria, but in 1814 it was returned to Austria, and eight years later re-assigned to Hungary. In 1848, despite the city’s adverse feelings to ‘Croatisation’, it became part of the Croatian Crownland. In 1870 the postal network was controlled by Hungary. Stamps of Austria were used at Fiume until 1871 when Hungarian stamps were introduced. The secret Treaty of London (26 April 1915) assigned Fiume to Croatia, while Italy was to annex Dalmatia. But when the “October Revolution” forced Russia to withdraw, Italy found herself bearing the burden; thus, expectations of greater rewards were fuelled by public opinion, and while Dalmatia had only marginal connections with Italy, Fiume had a strong ethnic presence of Italians. The suburb of Susak had 11,000 Croats and 1,500 Italians, but the rest of Fiume was said to have 22,488 Italians and 13,351 Croats. On 28 October 1918 the Italian flag was raised on the Civic Tower of Fiume (A4 type: Scott 30-32) heralding the strong wind of change. Two days later a plebiscite called for annexation to Italy, and an inter-Allied force (British, French and American) had to intervene to prevent a clash. From a strictly postal viewpoint, the “de facto” Italian annexation resulted in overprinting stocks of Hungarian stamps with the name “FIUME” in capital letters. This operation was carried out by letterpress for the post office stocks and by hand for privately held part sheets or single stamps. The provisional (overprinted) issue of Fiume (Scott 1-23; SG 1-28) is familiar to specialists for its complexities. Many of these stamps are known to have two distinct types of letterpress overprints and as many as six distinct types of hand overprints (Scott 7, SG 5 exists with hand overprints but the rare letterpress type is known only with the overprint inverted, while regular - upright - letterpress overprints of this stamp are forgeries). Forgeries abound, but Fiume overprints, as Dehn explains in his monograph, are not exceedingly difficult to assess once some genuine reference copies of each overprint are acquired. Eventually Rome twisted the arm of the Allies and on 22 February 1923 (Scott 184-195) Fiume was annexed to Italy. The process had been far from painless as it involved the highly embarrassing intervention of Gabriele d’Annunzio - a charismatic hero and poet with a penchant for flamboyance - and his “Arditi” paramilitary force. After the Rapallo Treaty was signed (11 November 1920) it became necessary to get rid of the belligerent poet-hero and his Legionari and on Christmas Eve the battleship “Andrea Doria” shelled d’Annunzio headquarters and his men capitulated. Between December 1918 and March 1924 (“Annessione” set: Scott 196-207, SG 225-238) Fiume had issued no less than 280 stamps. This figure (which is taken from Sassone - the standard Italian catalogue) excludes the offshore islands of Arbe and Veglia (now known as Rab and Krk respectively). With only one exception (Scott B4-B15, SG 71-82) all the series issued by Fiume between 1918 and 1923 have been forged. The proliferation of these forgeries was fuelled in the post World War One years when demand for “war stamps” was at its peak. The 1918-1924 issues of Fiume have witnessed a great revival in popularity during the last fifteen-to-twenty years. The specialist’s appetite is greater than ever and the advanced collector is always on the lookout for something impressive to add to the collection. The “unique” 1920 d’Annunzio “Pro Fondazione” 15c. stamp was until recent times Fiume’s most elusive acquisition. Recent research has proved that the stamp is not “unique” and that some books, a philatelic encyclopedia, some Italian catalogues, and a few over-zealous auctioneers had been deceived by d’Annunzio’s lie. The stamp depicting the poet wearing a Lancers beret to disguise his bald head was welcomed by d’Annunzio but was not readily available to the general public. Until recently only one cover with this semi-stamp was known; it was autographed by d’Annunzio himself to give it the needed “pedigree” and attest its “uniqueness”. In due course the cover was auctioned for 50,000 Lire (or today’s equivalent of $25,000). In recent times two postcards with the same unique d’Annunzio stamp have surfaced on the market; needless to say, the perspective buyers got suspicious that many more may come out of the drawer and one such item offered at auction with an estimate of $3,000 found no buyers. To clear d’Annunzio’s reputation from allegations of getting rich at the expense of stamp collectors, suffice it to say that the proceeds from the sale of the “unique” stamp were donated to a Fiume welfare institution. After a few weeks of life the 1920 Legionari issue (Scott type A12; SG type M17) was overprinted and all the Lira denominations were handstamped on the gummed side with the emblem of the Arditi - a snake swallowing its own tail symbolizing eternity and Rome the eternal city. Needless to say, this overprint has been forged causing great concern among collectors. Unfortunately the Arditi handstamp, or backprint, is not illustrated in major catalogues, except for Catalogo Enciclopedico Italiano and Michel. But such illustrations are of little help to the collector who wants to detect forged backprints. This critical information is now available in Dehn’s book. With the advent of the Fascist party to power, the 1920 Rapallo Treaty, which envisaged a free state of Fiume-Rijeka with an Italo-Fiuman-Yugoslav consortium for the port, was ignored despite the fact that such a solution had been approved by the Fiuman electorate on 24 April 1921. Benito Mussolini’s pressures resulted in a new Italo-Yugoslav treaty (Rome, 27 January, 1924) recognizing Fiume itself as Italian while Susak was given to Yugoslavia. The Author has divided the subject matter in nineteen concise chapters packed with information. The beginner will find this book exceedingly useful because Dehn does not leave any stone un-turned and takes time out to explain details that other scholars may have omitted as “common knowledge”. The specialist - and even the advanced collector - will find new information and Dehn’s methodical approach will stimulate him/her to delve further. This well written book is replete with very useful and clear illustrations of stamps, overprints, postmarks, forged stamps and forged overprints; it also benefits from a truly exhaustive bibliography. The binding is solid, and the production is excellent. There is no doubt that this is a very useful monograph that will stand the test of time. It is highly recommended to the collector of the Italian area and the philatelist who wants to venture into something new and challengingly exciting. GIORGIO MIGLIAVACCA **** WE SHIP WORLDWIDE When possible we will combine multiple purchases into one shipment to save you money on postage
Price: $85.00
Item Id #011679    See Details...
ITALY NAVY MARKS WW2 MARINA MILITARE Balestra Cecchi
Condition: ITALY NAVY MARKS WW2 MARINA MILITARE Balestra Cecchi
Description: ITALIAN MILITARY NAVY MARKS WW2 by Cecchi & Balestra, in Italian, 220pp, 100s of illustr, standard reference work. In Italian, but very easy to follow, every pmk evaluated. 1974 1st and only edition - ALMOST LIKE NEW QUESTO pregevole e RARO Volume e' indispensabile ai collezionisti del settore -- copia in buono stato quasi come nuova
Price: $59.00     Sale Price! $55.00
Item Id #012672    See Details...
CENSORED MAIL ITALY WORLD WAR 2 * POSTAL MANUAL - new
Country: ITALY
Condition: CENSORED MAIL ITALY WORLD WAR 2 * POSTAL MANUAL - new
Description: CIVIL CENSORSHIP ITALY : POSTAL MANUAL In English, 88 pages, 8" x 11", Spiral bound Postal Historian Russ Carter found this Postal Manual during his extensive research in the archives. This most important document gives a detailed picture of the Allied censorship organization in Italy during the last two years of World War 2. This precious manual gives instructions on how to handle special classes of mail; how to report to central authority, and administer the personnel; the ROUTING OF MAIL; "FRINGE" CENSORSHIP; types of mail authorized; PROVINCIAL CENSORSHIP PROCEDURE; ALLIED AUTHORIZED PERIODICALS & PUBLICATIONS; CENSORSHIP FORMS. The publication benefits from a "Report on Italian Censorship" dated October 1941. This appendix is extremely important for a number of good reasons: it links names of Italian towns with their corresponding censor numbers and it provides information that will generate further debate as to whether or not Germany performed censorship in Italy. THIS BOOK IS INDISPENSABLE TO THE COLLECTOR OF CENSORED MAIL DURING WORLD WAR 2 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Questa pubblicazione riproduce due importantissimi documenti sulla censura della posta dei civili durante la Seconda Guerra Mondiale. Ancorche' in Inglese il volume e' di facile traduzione e getta luce su dettagli importanti e finora sconosciuti anche agli studiosi piu' agguerriti. Vi e' perfino un elenco dei periodici approvati dalla censura alleata con il numero di copie stampate. Si riproducono alcuni bolli e moduli interni e si danno notizie importanti sulle rotte postali e sulla procedure da usarsi per i vari tipi di corrispondenze sia per l'interno che per l'estero. Assolutamente indispensabile al collezionista serio e allo studioso WE SHIP WORLDWIDE
Price: $40.00     Sale Price! $35.00
Item Id #012674    See Details...
ITALIA ENGLISH PHILATELIC  DICTIONARY * DIZIONARIO FILATELICO ITALIANO INGLESE ITALIANO
Country: ITALY
Condition: PHILATELIC DICTIONARY ITALIAN ENGLISH
Description: DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH AND ITALIAN PHILATELIC TERMS DIZIONARIO ITALIANO E INGLESE DI TERMINI FILATELICI by Roy Dehn, SECOND EDITION 2004, 92 pages The best and most useful Italian-English-Italian philatelic and postal history dictionary. It includes appendices dealing with special terms; general categories; abbreviations used in philately; terms and abbreviations in Italian postmarks; place names; colors and their different meaning in the two languages (very tricky area for the inexperienced); typographical terms; and much more. INDISPENSABLE *************** Di Roy Dehn, NUOVA EDIZIONE 2004, 92 pagine Per tutti coloro che consultano cataloghi e letteratura filatelica in lingua, operatori del settore o collezionisti, esiste ora un utile dizionario specifico per i termini filatelici di italiano e inglese. Una parte è dedicata anche alla spiegazione di quei termini, definiti «speciali», che non hanno una traduzione equivalente nell'altra lingua. Ci sono anche le traduzioni dei colori, delle sigle e delle abbreviazioni usate più di frequente. INDISPENSABILE
Price: $49.00
Item Id #012880    See Details...
 ITALY ARGENTINA URUGUAY SEA MAIL - large book HB
Country: ITALY
Condition: ITALY ARGENTINA URUGUAY SEA MAIL - large book HB
Description: SEA MAIL BETWEEN ITALY, ARGENTINA & URUGUAY I Servizi Marittimi Italiani tra Genova e i porti dell’America Meridionale By UMBERTO DEL BIANCO 190 pages, hard bound, in Italian (8” x 11.5”). Well illustrated with covers and markings Italian Maritime services between Genoa and the Ports of South America during the second half of the 1800s. Written by the “authority” on the subject. the Italian Agencies in Montevideo and Buenos Aires; the Estero postage stamps, the postmarks; evaluations and market trends. Table of contents and Bibliography. LIMITED EDITION
Price: $99.00     Sale Price! $74.00
Item Id #003301    See Details...
ITALY AIR MAIL BRAZIL ARGENTINA URUGUAY VENEZUELA
Country: ITALY
Condition: ITALY AIR MAIL BRAZIL ARGENTINA URUGUAY VENEZUELA
Description: A Special Item FROM THE ANTIQUARIAN & MODERNARIAN OF POSTAL HISTORY & PHILATELY LATI: ITALIAN SOUTH ATLANTIC AIRLINE 98 pages A4 full color, illustrated throughout, spiral bound LOADED WITH VALUABLE INFORMATION AIRCRAFT * CENSORSHIP * WESTBOUND MAIL * EASTBOUND MAIL * THE AFTERMATH OF LATI SERVICE + APPENDIXES A MUST HAVE FOR ANY SERIOUS COLLECTOR OF THESE RARE POSTMARKS
Price: $79.00     Sale Price! $59.00
Item Id #002618    See Details...
ITALIAN POWs AND INTERNEES IN AFRICA WORLD WAR II 1983 edition
Country: EAST AFRICA
Condition: ITALIAN P.O.W.s AND INTERNEES IN AFRICA WW2, 2014 REPRINT with ADDENDA
Description: ITALIAN P.O.W.s AND INTERNEES IN AFRICA WW2, 2014 REPRINT of the Second Revised edition 1983, WITH ADDED INFORMATION & ADDED ILLUSTRATIONS -- 72 pages, with many illustrations throughout. Countries covered include: Libya, Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyka, Palestine, Rhodesia, Egypt, Sudan, Nigeria, Somaliland, Eritrea, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Congo, Ivory Coast, South Africa, Madagascar; plus a section on related Italian FPOs, Airmail Routes, Stationery, and Censor marks. For more in-depth information we suggest Migliavacca’s book on Italian POWs in North Africa and Weisbecker’s Camp Mail in East Africa. All in short supply. All 3 books are essential to the serious collector of POW Mail.
Price: $38.00
Item Id #010590    See Details...
 ITALY MAIL SERVICE 1943 1945 WORLD WAR 2 by Bagni
Condition: ITALY MAIL SERVICE 1943 1945 WORLD WAR 2 by Bagni
Description: ITALY: POSTAL HISTORY OF THE MAIL SERVICE FROM 1943 to 1945 THE POSTAL SERVICE AND THE WAR: 1943-1945 by Nello Bagni and other Authors In Italian, 96 pages, replete with color illustrations, perfect bound, 16 cm x 24 centimeters During the second half of 1943 many developments impacted the postal service in Italy: the most important of them being the liberation of the South, the signing of an armistice with the Allies, and the splitting of the country into two parts with the North in the hands of Mussolini (better yet, Germany). 1944 and 1945 saw also new dramatic developments and as the Allies moved North the Bolognese region found itself between the devil and the deep blue sea. Mail from those days provides an unsuspected and faithful mirror that chronicled the various phases. The book reproduces many archive documents and delves into both civilian and military mails.
Price: $29.00
Item Id #013102    See Details...
GRAND DUCHY OF TUSCANY * PLATING VARIETIES AND PLATE FLAWS
Country: TUSCANY
Condition: GRAND DUCHY OF TUSCANY * PLATING VARIETIES AND PLATE FLAWS
Description: “Granducato di Toscana: I Francobolli e le Varietà di Cliché” by Emilio Calcagno and Vittorio Morani; in Italian, card cover, 192 pages (6.3/4” x 9.1/2”); about 1,000 colour illustrations; published 2014. Available at: Virginstamps.com PO Box 7007, St. Thomas, VI 00801-0007 USA (issun@candwbvi.net) ****** “Hic sunt leones” [Here are the lions] the Romans used to say to indicate uncharted or troublesome areas on a map. This colourful expression has remained in the western world for centuries and has gradually shifted from cartography to modern colloquialism to describe a situation or condition for which it is wise to pay attention. We doubt ancient Etruria (today’s Tuscany and Umbria) had lions, unless they had escaped from the Coliseum after their lunch bravados so colourfully depicted by the “kolossal” movies of the 1950s. Nonetheless, in the early 1400s the Etrurian lion became Florence’s heraldic symbol. It consists of a seated lion with his right paw supporting a shield featuring the town’s coat of arms, the fleur de lys. It became popularly known as “Marzocco”. Most collectors are familiar with Donatello’s Marzocco because a crowned version is featured on the stamps of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Sometime in December 1850, Grand Duke Leopold II was submitted a number of options for the stamp design, including his own portrait or his own coat of arms. Vienna was watching, of course, and after careful evaluation of the proposed designs it was decided to use the Marzocco, even though it was linked to the Tuscan activists seeking independence of the Duchy. This choice has been described by philatelists and postal historians as curious and interesting. The Marzocco stamps had a relatively long life, eight years and nine months, and - from a 21st century perspective - a rather intricate currency mirrored by the face value of the various denominations: 1 Tuscany Lira = 12 Crazie = 20 Soldi = 60 Quattrini. The crown was also a significant component of the watermark’s design and the stamps were printed by letterpress in sheets of 240 stamps (three panes of 80 stamps - five rows of 16 stamps - stacked on one another, leaving a space between each pane of 1.5 millimeters). Unfortunately, budgetary constraints caused the 240 stamps to be squeezed so close that the vertical distance from one stamp to the next is hardly one millimeter; and worse yet, horizontally the distance is a lilliputian 0.8 millimeter, except for the two 1.5 millimeter inter-panneau spaces between panes mentioned earlier. The truly narrow space between stamps was no big concern at the time, but in due course it turned into a nightmare for collectors who demanded even margined examples. In this little, fussy some may say, drawback has flourished for generations the prejudice that has impacted negatively on the popularity of these stamps. Philately shows various positive aspects of the many fine individuals involved in it, but their pursuit for perfection, at times, can show their limitations as well as unrealistic expectations. From the Ministry of Finance point of view, money had been saved; the hastily conceived layout of 240 stamps avoided the paper wastage generated by the first Austria and Lombardy-Venetia issues which resulted in the inclusion of coveted St. Andrew’s Crosses to fill the empty spaces on the plate. Florence was determined to meet the deadline and to save time and money used a master plate that had suitable plugs to insert the value tablets. The technique for creating chalk moulds for stereotyping had been perfected by Turin-based printing specialist Giuseppe Giozza in 1842. [see article on page 199] Stereotype plates for the various denominations of the Grand Duchy stamps were thus created which resulted in a more consistent quality and the possibility of easy replacement of worn-out plates. This however, as we shall see, could complicate the task of plating these stamps. The Florence Mint chief engraver Giuseppe Niederost engraved the die and the printing was executed by the Grand-Duchy Printing Works owned by Francesco Cambiagi & Co. The paper was supplied by the old-reliable Cini paper mills. Among Italian States stamps, those featuring the Tuscan lion are unique when it comes to being printed on paper that is watermarked from top to bottom. This often overlooked detail permitted the vast majority of stamps of the first issue to have a watermark; in the eyes of post office’ top executives this was believed to be a great deterrent for forgers. It seems to have worked because there is no recorded occurrence of Tuscany stamps forged for the purpose of defrauding the post office. It goes without saying that the very few stamps positioned in such a way that they would not have any watermark are quite scarce. Selected denominations of the first series of the Grand Duchy made their debut on Fools’ Day. In fact, seven denominations were issued between Spring and Summer 1851: 1 Soldo ochre; 2 Soldi scarlet; 1 Crazia carmine; 2 Crazie blue; 4 Crazie green; 6 Crazie slate; and a 9 Crazie maroon. In 1852, a 1 Quattrino black (September), and a 60 Crazie scarlet (November) were added. Bluish tinted paper was used for the early printings; but later printings were on greyish tinted paper that had a subtle hue of blue. The lateness of the 60 Crazie caused it to be printed solely on the greyish tinted paper. In 1857, six denominations with the very same design were issued on white paper with diagonal wavy lines as watermark. This is traditionally referred to as the second issue which included the following values: 1 Quattrino, and 1, 2, 4, 6, and 9 Crazie. Incidentally, the watermark was designed in such a way that every single stamp had to have portions of it. The most impressive achievement of this book is to have plated 230 out of 240 stereotypes. One lone, ground-breaking article on the subject had been written in 1960 by the prolific philatelic writer Professor Cesco Giannetto and it triggered greater attention to recurrent flaws. This was duly reflected in the subsequent updates of both the Bolaffi Encyclopaedic Catalogue of Old Italian States and the C.E.I. (Catalogo Enciclopedico Italiano). The plating, however, looked like an herculean endeavour because due to the vulnerable nature of the plates, warts and blemishes were added to the congenital flaws. Additionally the position of a given stamp was not always the same and when new plates were made “musical chairs” took place; the same song and dance applied to the plate composition of the different denominations. With so many capricious variables there was no pun intended in uttering “Here are the lions” - at least until now. Meanwhile a collector-dealer by the name of Lorenzo Veracini had accumulated a huge amount of these lions, irrespective of poor margins and blemishes. His 20 years pursuit became a truly impressive collection that he exhibited at national philatelic events. This stirred great interest and became the launch pad for the co-authors of the monograph under review who had been pursuing similar endevours for quite some time. Mapping these stamps was not an easy task but, Calcagno and Morani received encouragement by the Society for the Study of the Postal History of Tuscany (A.S.Po.T.). To a large extent this was successfully accomplished, and the plating (in the old sense) was achieved for the 2 and 9 Crazie, but - due to the variables mentioned earlier - research on the other denominations is still underway. This book has a lot to offer to both the newcomer and the specialist; it is divided into two main sections: the first is entirely devoted to introducing the stamps of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and the second delves into the plating and other highly specialised aspects of these stamps. Far from being a simple refresher course, part one outlines the postal history of the region; currencies, coins, and weights; postal rates; hand-stamps and cancellations; the context in which the postage stamps were adopted and the motivations for their introduction and use. Then the stamps, the paper, the watermark, the making of plates; the main characteristics of the stamp design; and the printing aspects. This lavishly produced monograph examines plate flaws and varieties in great detail - a task made easier in recent times thanks to the great technological progress made by digital photography, scanners and digital microscopes. All aspects that can contribute to the plating of the various stamps are examined and the wealth of illustrations makes you look at your Tuscany stamps from an entirely new perspective. Some positional flaws are positively eye-catching such as the “backpack”; the malformed “T” that looks like a cross; the flawed “B” that turns “FRANCOBOLLO” into “FRANCOROLLO”; the little cloud that makes one think that the lion is smoking; and (coincidence?) the uncoloured flaw that looks like a cigar the lion is holding with his right paw; just to mention a few. This book leaves no stones un-turned, and is a labour of love that fills a large void in the study of these interesting stamps. We are confident it will generate a greater interest in these classic issues. It is produced and printed at state-of-the-art level; the illustrations are of the highest quality; and for the many challenges a production like this may pose, the lay-out is brilliantly devised. The language barrier is not an issue here because all the pictures and blow-ups are worth a trillion words. Additionally the Authors use straight-to-the-point, simple language. This book is both highly recommended and a wise, long-lasting investment. Reviewed by Giorgio Migliavacca
Price: $73.00
Item Id #013105    See Details...
LA GUERRA DIMENTICATA  -- Crete and the Aegean Islands - a forgotten war, 1943-1945
Country: AEGEAN ISLANDS
Condition: LA GUERRA DIMENTICATA -- Crete and the Aegean Islands - a forgotten war, 1943-1945
Description: Gianfranco Mattiello, Crete and the Aegean Islands - a forgotten war, 1943-1945. In ITALIAN, 362 pages (A4), perfect-bound, black and white illustrations and maps throughout. ****** The Author is a well-known postal historian who has written important books and articles on Prisoners of War in Germany during World War II, Censorship of the Third Reich, Italian POWs in Rhodes, German Concentration Camps Censorship, and much more. Published in 2006. This book sheds much light on a tragic chapter of World War II that, due to post-war political correctness, many historians have often glossed over. Collectors of World War II postal history followed the same path, simply because the subject matter required serious research on existing literature and - more importantly - on archival sources. The latter were decimated by fire and war events. Mattiello is one of a few Italian postal history scholars who was not intimidated by such a challenge. Cephalonia is only 200 miles from the Italian coast, at the mouth of the Gulf of Corinth. What happened at Cephalonia with the massacre of the Acqui Division was not the best kept secret, but there was some reluctance in gathering solid information and evidence of what actually happened after the Germans discovered that their best ally had signed an armistice with the enemy. Of the 12,000 Italian soldiers on Cephalonia, 1,250 died in combat, and 5,000 were executed by the Germans. About 4,000 who had surrendered were imprisoned and in October shipped to camps in Greece. A rather detailed account of the war crimes perpetrated on Cephalonia landed on Mussolini’s desk at Salò and was stamped “Seen by the Duce”; as would be expected, he made no protests to the Germans! Italian civilians and soldiers in the Aegean and on Cephalonia found themselves in a terrible situation stemming from the poor coordination and strategy of prime minister Pietro Badoglio - a large number of them paid with their lives for other people’s awful mistakes. Mattiello carried out massive research at the Military Archives of Freiburg; the documentation he retrieved would make serious professional historians turn pale. He had no hesitation in using such important evidence as a blueprint of his book, and he must be highly commended for this. The trial and tribulations of Italians based in Cephalonia and the Aegean Islands after the fateful 8 September 1943 are mirrored in this book. A year later the German Army left the South-West sector of Europe leaving a few garrisons in the islands who resisted and persisted until May 1945. The German Army devised a special postal service known as “Inselpost” - this aspect is thoroughly explored and will prove of great interest to both the postal history specialists and the average readers who will discover how much postal history can contribute to a greater understanding of global catastrophes like World War II. The book delves into the early Autumn 1943 developments when Germans created transit camps for Italian prisoners of war from the islands in Athens, Salonika, Belgrade, and Crete. In fact, as early as mid-September the Germans held some 40,000 Italian prisoners of war. In due course more camps mushroomed in Greece; meanwhile in the Aegean the Italian resistance was short-lived. On taking over Kos the Germans found themselves with 1,388 English and 3,245 Italian prisoners of war; on instructions issued by Hitler, the Italian commander and hundreds of officers were executed. At Leros the Germans captured 3,200 British and 5,350 Italian prisoners of war. More POWs were captured in Samos, and camps were created at Rhodes, Asguro, Afando, Damatra, Kalato and Vati. The developments on Crete are discussed in great detail with much information never investigated before. By 1944 the situation in the Balkans became even more complex and the late Summer advance of the Russian Army generated a domino effect that caused havoc on the German forces. Mattiello documents each phase of this debacle. This important book explores the postal services with the Greek islands, with major emphasis on the German Feldpost and its offspring, the Inselpost. As would be expected, the Author provides us with lots of information not available before. This highly informative book is a must have for serious collectors. [Reviewed by Giorgio Migliavacca]
Price: $135.00
Item Id #013107    See Details...
ITALY FIRST FLIGHTS early research by Linguiti
Country: ITALY
Condition: ITALY FIRST FLIGHTS early research by Linguiti
Description: ITALIAN FIRST FLIGHTS early research by Linguiti, in French. Early flights, incl. Dal Mistro, flights to Sardinia, Turin-Rome-Turin, Naples-Palermo etc 10 pages
Price: $11.50     Sale Price! $10.00
Item Id #013223    See Details...
ITALY GREECE AEROESPRESSO AIRMAIL booklet Raftopoulos
Country: ITALY
Condition: ITALY GREECE AEROESPRESSO AIRMAIL booklet Raftopoulos
Description: GREEK AEROESPRESSO FLIGHTS & STAMPS by Spiro Raftopoulos, in Italian. 1926-28 flights to Athens-Constantinople, 1933 Zeppelin, flights to the Aegean and Brindisi.- Seminal work very useful, and required reading for the specialist 18 pages, saddle stitched THIS IS A MUST HAVE bibliophile publication.
Price: $22.00     Sale Price! $19.00
Item Id #013224    See Details...
THE PORT OF LIVORNO  Maritime Postal History by Alan BECKER
Country: TUSCANY
Condition: THE PORT OF LIVORNO Maritime Postal History by Alan BECKER
Description: Alan Becker, The Port of Livorno - A Survey of its Maritime Postal History -- 17th to the 20th Centuries. in English, 74 pages (A4) spiral bound, color illustrations throughout. *************** This book brings together into one volume the current knowledge of the postal history of the port of Livorno. Although touched on in several other more general works, the last book covering this specific subject was published some 50 years ago. The Author is a long-time specialist of Livorno’s maritime mail postal history with related extensive collections on the various aspects. In 1676 Livorno was officially declared a free port, thus consolidating a pre-existing situation that dated back to the 1500s. During the ensuing decades many foreigners settled in Livorno forming sizable communities of French, Jewish, Dutch, Greek, Armenian and Levantine expatriates. In due course Livorno became the most important seaport of the Mediterranean, especially for importation of salted fish, cereals and grains. The Author begins with the 1600s mail of the Medici era which illustrates the great postal interaction the port had with import-export traders all over the Mediterranean and throughout Italy and Northern Europe. The end of the Medici dynasty and the inception of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty characterized the 1700s; these were the years that saw the post office revenue increase substantially. By the end of the 1700s, although the port’s traffic is said to have slowed down, Livorno was attracting an average 5,000 ships of all kinds and descriptions each year. Contemporaries described it as a chronically crowded port. The British had warehouses and their presence was rather important since Livorno imported spices, fabrics and manufactured goods from Britain; at the same time it exported to Britain silk, wine, olive oil, olives, cumin, straw hats, cheese, capers, camel and goat’s hair etc. The Napoleonic period brought the first maritime postmark “COLONIES PAR/LIVOURNE” and a better organized postal service. The Lorraine Grand Duke was restored in 1814; from a postal history viewpoint the 1820s, 30s and 40s, saw greater maritime traffic and with it more mail and more maritime mail postmarks. In 1843, provenance, instructional, routing and accessory hand-stamps were introduced for mail carried to Livorno by French Navy Steamers. Indeed, Becker visits all aspects of maritime mail and succeeds in presenting a clear picture of a rather complex subject matter. The 1859 Second War of Independence inflicted a severe blow on Austria and Tuscany went through a Provisional Government followed by a plebiscite that confirmed the wish of the people to have the Grand Duchy become part of the Kingdom of Italy. The transition period resulted in the adoption of Provisional Government stamps followed by those of the 4th issue of the Kingdom of Sardinia and later on those of the Kingdom of Italy. This is reflected on the covers of the time which become even more interesting with maritime mail postmarks. Mail disinfection was a major task for Livorno’s four lazarettos; they certainly were busy with bigger tasks but the postal aspect was one that was at the top of the priority list of health authorities. From the 1600s to the 1800s the lazarettos were the first to handle and disinfect incoming mail. Becker examines health passports - a corollary collecting area that appeals to specialists of disinfected mail. The steamers’ age saw the opening of French, Sardinian and Neapolitan steamship agencies in Livorno. The Grand Duchy launched the Tuscan Steamship Company in 1834 with a fleet of two vessels operating routes to Genoa, Naples and Sicily. Many hand-stamps of the agencies used on their mail feature a steamship making them particularly endearing to postal historians. With so many ships arriving every day of the week at Livorno, the port was also a major mail sorting hub; the lion’s share was secured by forwarding agents - 160 of them so far recorded as operating at Livorno. Their activity is documented by their endorsements on the letters and in many cases by the use of hand-stamps. The book ends with a very useful catalogue of cancellations used on maritime mail, and hand-stamps and seals used on disinfected mail. The English-speaking reader has now the opportunity to benefit from information and research not available before in his/her language. The Author is well aware of the needs of those who would venture in a rather complex field. A one town postal history with focus on maritime mail may look like an easy task, but experienced collectors will tell you differently. In this specific case we have a cosmopolitan town and port interacting with North Africa, Mediterranean islands, the Near East, Turkey, France and quite a number of countries in Europe. This is a fascinating book and an eye-opener for those who want to venture into new areas of research and collecting. [Reviewed by Giorgio Migliavacca]
Price: $58.00
Item Id #013104    See Details...
ITALY VATICAN SAN MARINO COLONIES & OCCUPATIONS POSTAL STATIONERY CATALOG 2011
Country: ITALY
Condition: ITALY VATICAN SAN MARINO COLONIES & OCCUPATIONS POSTAL STATIONERY CATALOG 2011
Description: IN ITALIAN AND ENGLISH!! HIGH QUALITY PAPER, LAVISHLY PRODUCED 392 PAGES COLOR ILLUSTRATED THROUGHOUT UPDATED EVALUATIONS INCLUDES ITALY, ITALIAN STATES, ITALIAN COLONIES, OCCUPIED TERRITORIES WORLD WAR I & WORLD WAR II TRENTO * TRIESTE * DALMATIA * AEGEAN ISLANDS * LUBIANA * VENEZIA GIULIA * FIUME * ISTRIA ITALIAN POST OFFICES ABROAD (ALBANIA, CHINA, EGYPT, CRETE,TUNISIA) ITALIAN COLONIES SAN MARINO * VATICAN * SOVEREIGN MILITARY ORDER OF MALTA * ITALIANA: FOREIGN POSTAL STATIONERY WITH ITALIAN TEXTS AND/OR CONNECTIONS this is a "WOW" book BUY IT NOW & YOU WILL BE GLAD WE SHIP WORLDWIDE
Price: $78.00     Sale Price! $58.00
Item Id #003630    See Details...
Fiume 1918—1924—I servizi postali e la filatelia * BY OLIVIERO - HEAVY BOOK check out postage costs
Country: FIUME
Condition: Fiume 1918—1924—I servizi postali e la filatelia * BY EMOROSO - 5 pounds BOOK read carefully for postage costs
Description: ******** LAST COPIES IN STOCK **** THIS BOOK IS NOW OUT OF PRINT IN ITALY **** VERY IMPORTANT * WHEN BUYING THIS BOOK IGNORE THE AUTOMATIC $10 charge [we will send you a Paypal invoice or equivalent for the exact amount] -THIS IS a 5 Pounds PACKET- *** SHIPPING COSTS: TO USA $24 ** TO CANADA $43 ** TO OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE AMERICAS & EUROPE $55 ** AFRICA, AUSTRALIA, ASIA & FAR EAST $65 *********** Fiume 1918—1924—I servizi postali e la filatelia tra vicende storiche e vita di tutti i giorni, by Oliviero Emoroso, Published 2013, by the Author. Perfect bound 8 1/4” x 11 3/4”, card cover, 424 pages, in Italian, hundreds of colour illustrations. Available from: Virginstamps.com PO Box 7007, St. Thomas, VI 00801-0007 USA (issun@candwbvi.net) Two years ago I heard through the grapevine that a Croatian specialist was publishing a new book on the stamps of Fiume, and a website on the same topic was supposed to be launched by the same person. “Fra il dire e il fare c’è di mezzo il mare” (between words and deeds there is a sea) is an Italian adage that I have learned the hard way that it is true. Philatelic publishing is not a money-making venture, it is an expression of love, an ideal way of sharing one’s knowledge for many years to come, while promoting our favourite hobby. The latest news is that the Croatian specialist is finally putting his last touches to both website and book. Others, however, seem to have been working on similar pursuits with impressive results. It is always a pleasure to hold in one’s hands a new book on the stamps and postal history of Fiume, especially this massive new volume by Emoroso. The first attempt to make a listing of these intriguing stamps came with the Fiume chapter of the Catalogo Storico e Descrittivo dei francobolli d’Italia published in 1923, under the supervision of the great Emilio Diena, based on information provided by the top brass of the Fiume Philatelic Society, Vincenzo Antoniazzo and Umberto Riccotti. In 1981, I published a reprint of this section of the first scientific catalogue of the Italian area. The Fiume listings were deemed incomplete and not reliable by contemporaries (see Rivista Filatelica d’Italia, July 1924, p. 204-5). To complicate things, the bad publicity about the endless number of forged overprints and forged stamps, compounded by the apparent difficulties in deciphering the six hand overprints was a big deterrent. The few articles written on the subject were in Italian and occasionally in German; finally, in 1958, Guglielmo Oliva published his Razionale Catalogazione dei Francobolli di Fiume which was a far from complete compendium that provided a solid starting point and a definite blueprint for other catalogues to build on. Oliva had also written some good articles on the subject. However, the language barrier, technicalities, missing pieces of the puzzle, and intricacies were eased during the 1970s and 1980s when Roy Dehn began to publish a series of articles on Fiume in Italian and British magazines. This was indeed a breath of fresh air and the feedback was so positive that in 1998, Dehn published his handbook and compendium The Stamps and Postal History of Fiume 1600-1924 which remains a cornerstone of the literature on these stamps. In the meantime, Francesco Carlotto had published a well-researched series of articles on the postal history of Fiume (Nuovo Corriere Filatelico, and Bollettino prefilatelico e storico postale, 1983-4). Finally there was light at the end of the tunnel, some cadavers had come out of the closet and information jealously held back in some quarters began to circulate. In 2006, Ivan Martinas, a Croatian expertiser, published his 250-page bilingual (Croatian-English) catalogue Stamps of Rijeka, Fiume 1918-1924 — yes, you read correctly 250 pages! Immediately after, in February 2007, C.E.I. published Carlo Ciullo’s Fiume: Sintesi Prefilatelica e Storico-Postale — a book that was an eye opener for Italian collectors resulting in many cobwebs being removed and quite a few myths unveiled. Fil-Italia, the Italy & Colonies Study Circle quarterly, during the course of its 40 years has published many articles on Fiume, especially about postmarks and postal history aspects. As a result, in 2007 the ICSC published a volume by John F. Gilbert titled The Postmarks of Fiume 1809-1945, and in 2009 a sequel by the same Author titled The Postmarks of the Province of Fiume, 1924-1943 including precursors followed. Having examined the major bibliographic entries on Fiume, it will be useful to the reader who is not too familiar with Fiume to spend a couple minutes on a brief outline of its history and philatelic ramifications. At the end of World War One the Croatian port of Fiume (now called Rijeka) on the east side of the Northern Adriatic Sea became the subject of controversy between the new nation of Yugoslavia and Italy. Fiume’s origins go back to Roman times when it was called “Tarsatica” or “Terra Fluminis Sancti Viti” (the river-land of St Vitus); Fiume, in fact, means river. In 1465, the Waldsee dynasty came to an end and the Habsburgs inherited Fiume from them. This was a valuable acquisition since it gave Austria a much needed outlet on the sea. It later became Hungary’s only major port when it was annexed to that country in 1776 by a decree of Empress Maria Theresa. In 1809, Fiume was incorporated into the Napoleonic province of Illyria, but in 1814 it was returned to Austria, and eight years later assigned to Hungary. In 1848, despite the city’s adverse feelings to ‘Croatisation’, it became part of the Croatian Crownland. In 1870 the postal network was controlled by Hungary. Stamps of Austria were used at Fiume until 1871 when Hungarian stamps were introduced. The secret Treaty of London (26 April 1915) envisaged Fiume becoming part of Croatia, while Italy was to annex Dalmatia. Things went differently, and when the “October Revolution” forced Russia to withdraw, Italy found herself bearing the burden. Thus, expectations of greater rewards were fuelled by public opinion, and while Dalmatia had only marginal connections with Italy, Fiume had a strong ethnic presence of Italians. The suburb of Susak had 11,000 Croats and 1,500 Italians, but the rest of Fiume was said to have 22,488 Italians and 13,351 Croats. On 28 October 1918, the Italian flag was raised on the Civic Tower of Fiume (A4 type: Scott 30-32; SG 36) heralding the strong wind of change. Two days later a plebiscite called for annexation to Italy, and an inter-Allied force (British, French and American) had to intervene to prevent a clash. From a strictly postal viewpoint, the “de facto” Italian annexation resulted in the overprinting of stocks of Hungarian stamps with the name “FIUME” in capital letters. This operation was carried out by letterpress for the post office stocks and by hand for part sheets or single stamps, as well as similar stamps that the public was returning to the post office in order to obtain the new ones. The provisional (overprinted) issue of Fiume (Scott 1-23; SG 1-28) is familiar to specialists for its complexities. Many of these stamps are known to have two distinct types of letterpress overprints and as many as six distinct types of hand overprints. Forgeries abound, but Fiume overprints, as Dehn explained in his monograph, are not exceedingly difficult to assess once some genuine reference copies of each overprint are acquired. Eventually Rome twisted the arm of the Allies and on 22 February 1923 (Scott 184-195; SG 217-224) Fiume was annexed to Italy. The process had been far from painless as it involved the highly embarrassing intervention of Gabriele d’Annunzio - a charismatic hero, poet, aviator, and seducer with a penchant for flamboyance - and his “Arditi” paramilitary force. After the Rapallo Treaty was signed (11 November 1920) it became necessary to get rid of the belligerent poet-hero and his Legionari and on Christmas Eve the battleship Andrea Doria shelled d’Annunzio headquarters and his men capitulated. Between December 1918 and March 1924 (“Annessione” set: Scott 196-207, SG 225-238) Fiume had issued no less than 280 stamps. This figure (which is taken from Sassone - the standard Italian catalogue) excludes the Legionari stamps overprinted for the offshore islands of Arbe and Veglia (now known as Rab and Krk respectively). With virtually no exception all the series issued by Fiume between 1918 and 1923 have been forged. The proliferation of these forgeries was fuelled in the post World War One years when demand for “war stamps” was at its peak. The 1918-1924 issues of Fiume have witnessed a great revival in popularity during the last 30 years. The specialist’s appetite is greater than ever and the advanced collector is always on the lookout for something impressive to add to his collection. The “unique” 1920 d’Annunzio “Pro Fondazione” 15c. soi-disant stamp was until recent times Fiume’s most elusive acquisition. Recent research has proved that the stamp is not “unique” and that some books, a philatelic encyclopedia, some Italian catalogues, and a few over-zealous auctioneers had been deceived by d’Annunzio’s lie. The stamp depicting the poet wearing a lancers beret to disguise his bald head was welcomed by d’Annunzio but was not readily available to the general public. Until recently only one cover with this semi-stamp was known; it was autographed by d’Annunzio himself to give it the needed “pedigree” and attest its “uniqueness”. In due course the cover was auctioned for 50,000 Lire (or today’s equivalent of $35,000). In recent times two postcards with the same unique d’Annunzio stamp have surfaced on the market; needless to say, the perspective buyers feared that many more would come out of the drawer and one such item offered at auction with an estimate of $3,000 found no buyers. To clear d’Annunzio’s reputation from allegations of getting rich at the expense of stamp collectors, suffice it to say that the proceeds from the sale of the “unique” stamp were donated to a Fiume welfare institution. After a few weeks of life the 1920 Legionari issue (Scott type A12; SG type M17) was overprinted and all the Lira denominations were handstamped on the gummed side with the emblem of the Arditi - a snake swallowing its own tail symbolizing eternity and Rome the eternal city. As would be expected, this overprint has been forged causing great concern among collectors. Unfortunately the Arditi handstamp, or backprint, is not illustrated in major catalogues, except for Catalogo Enciclopedico Italiano and Michel. But such illustrations are of little help to the collector who wants to detect forged backprints. This critical information is now available in both Dehn’s handbook and Emoroso’s monograph. With the advent of the Fascist party to power, the 1920 Rapallo Treaty, which envisaged a free state of Fiume-Rijeka with an Italo-Fiuman-Yugoslav consortium for the port, was ignored despite the fact that such a solution had been approved by the Fiuman electorate on 24 April 1921. Benito Mussolini’s pressures resulted in a new Italo-Yugoslav treaty (Rome, 27 January, 1924) recognizing Fiume itself as Italian while Susak was given to Yugoslavia. Emoroso’s book is a dream come true, no exaggeration at all. In 32 well-articulated chapters the Author gives us an in-depth survey of all the stamp issues of Fiume. It is a work of love indeed and one of the reasons is that the family roots of the Como-based Author are in Fiume. The Author points out that all too often philatelists are jealous of their knowledge but — he insists — when it comes to Fiume stamps “it is best to relinquish our protectiveness of petty interests and divulge as much as possible every aspect of our knowledge, thereby creating confidence and promoting interest for this collecting area. This is the only way to disperse the fog and the fear that surround it.” No wonder, that with such a philosophy he has given us an unprecedented amount of information. As stated in the title of the book, ample information on the history of Fiume and day-to-day life is provided so that the reader can land on the philatelic and postal aspect with good knowledge of what was happening. From the outset, Emoroso deals with the first overprint — the large sans-serif provisional type — examining all the evidence and the conflicting reports, as well as the flip-flops of the experts. As you finish reading chapter II you may wonder what is coming in later chapters because this Author seems to leave no stones unturned. In fact, he does that relentlessly and passionately. Two chapters, 21 pages, deal with the Machine overprint I and II on the Reapers and Parliament definitive stamps of Hungary as well on the War Charity stamps, the 2 filler newspaper stamp, and the postage due stamps. Chapter V takes another 20 pages for the six types of hand overprints which brings back memories of when after acquiring the Riccotti collection of Fiume - and a few years later the Bernardelli one - I often went to visit the much revered Milanese expert Commendator Fiecchi who had his office in an hotel room a few yards (yes yards) away from the Cathedral Square. I remember that invariably, when I returned a few days later to get the verdicts, Mr. Fiecchi repeated himself saying “these hand overprints are much more rare than we are made to believe, you should visit Commendator Mondolfo in Rome [publisher of the Sassone catalogue and an avid Fiume specialist] to add this variant and that one and that one, all unlisted and extremely rare, to the Sassone listings”. These hand overprints became necessary to recycle post office remainders that would not be suitable for the typographical system because of being in quarter sheets, multiples, blocks and even single stamps. This process was carried out during late 1918, and as a courtesy the public, and to gather up more old regime stamps for overprinting, the public could surrender them at the post office in exchange for the Fiume ones. Some of the hand overprints are truly rare and some are surrounded by mystery. The latter flourished on the failure of Antoniazzo and Riccotti to publish a second edition of their listings and research that were supposed to include all the relevant information on these hand overprints and their sub-types. This remains a rather important missing piece of the puzzle. The next chapter delves into nuances, old controversies plagued with philatelic convenience, and printed quantities. The section devoted to forged overprints of the early issues is exhaustive and the main focus is on the truly dangerous imitations that can fool even the most advanced collectors. Postal stationery is discussed in great detail and then we go on with the Pictorial series and the various types of paper used to print it, plus plate flaws, as well as printed quantities. The Students’ Education Fund issue is next, followed by a very informative chapter on currency and bank notes. Valuable information also comes from the section devoted to the re-organization of the postal service where we also learn about postal money orders, parcel post and their forms. The chapter on postal rates is very useful and well articulated and the same can be said of the one on postmarks, date stamps, as well as labels for registered and express mail. Emoroso reserves a lot of his energies to shed more light on field post offices operating in the region and their handling and censorship; the same applies to mail from sailors of the Royal Navy as well as the mails from the USA, French, and British Forces stationed in the area. The arrival of d’Annunzio and his Legionari had its philatelic impact, beginning with the Valore Globale overprints on the earlier mentioned Students’ Education Fund stamps. Then came the stamps denominated in Italian currency and featuring the head turned left of d’Annunzio himself. The Lira was not yet the legal tender in Fiume, for that to happen it took years (March 1924); it was, however, used as an accounting currency, and Italian coins were gradually seeing more circulation. The Legionari issues and overprints are examined in great detail and no less than 60 pages are devoted to them. The Provisional Government and the New Constitution overprints get their share of attention. The final pages of this veritable tour de force examine the St. Vitus pictorial series of 1923 and its overprints of 1924 to announce Fiume’s Annexation to Italy. This authoritative and readable volume is lavishly produced with hundreds of high quality illustrations; it is ideal for the beginner, irrespective of his language, and even the most advanced collector will benefit from it as a reference and a source of information that is otherwise scattered over dozens of stamp magazines and catalogues. No matter at what level of Fiume collecting you are, you will find this book to be indispensable. [Review by Giorgio Migliavacca] ******************** VERY IMPORTANT * WHEN BUYING THIS BOOK IGNORE THE AUTOMATIC $10 charge [we will send you a Paypal invoice or equivalent for the exact amount] -THIS IS a 5 Pounds PACKET- *** SHIPPING COSTS: TO USA $24 ** TO CANADA $43 ** TO OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE AMERICAS & EUROPE $55 ** AFRICA, AUSTRALIA, ASIA & FAR EAST $65 **********************
Price: $120.00
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