FIUME

PLEASE READ THIS SECTION BEFORE LOOKING AT OUR LISTINGS: ***** Fiume is one of the most popular so-called "dead countries". The widespread belief that Fiume abounds with forgeries is a myth that is fast vanishing. In reality Fiume is not more challenging than other collecting areas and in fact, in recent years, more and more collectors in Italy, Croatia and Europe, as well as North America have started to seriously and aggressively collecting Fiume. IF YOU COLLECT FIUME THEN YOU NEED THE SASSONE CATALOGUE! (Would you collect USA without a Scott Catalogue??) BUYING FIUME STAMPS CHEAPLY IS VERY, VERY RISKY: of the first issue alone more than 50 different forged overprints exist. WE HAVE BEEN SELLING FIUME FOR DECADES AND WE KNOW WHAT WE OFFER. The Fiume stamps we sell here have been checked for authenticity by a competent and reputable Italian expert, nevertheless we offer our buyers an unrivaled 90-day full guarantee and full refund as follows: WE GUARANTEE: Each lot we sell is guaranteed GENUINE Mint Stamps: we guarantee original gum Used Stamps: we guarantee that the cancellation is genuine Overprinted Stamps: we guarantee that the overprint is genuine MOST IMPORTANTLY: we guarantee the ACCURACY of our description including the total accuracy of catalogue number/s WE OFFER AN UNRIVALED FULL GUARANTEE - FULL REFUND: the buyer has a maximum of 90 days from the end of the sale to produce a certificate of opinion issued by a reputable and long established expertiser or expert committee that clearly states that the stamp/s is/are incorrectly described by this seller, in which case, when we receive the expertised stamps back, we will issue a full refund of the price paid by the buyer, plus an additional $25.00 (for each certificate produced) as our contribution to the expenses incurred by the buyer to obtain the above-mentioned certificate/s of opinion. No lot is returnable if no certificate of opinion is produced, or if the stamp/s has been marked or in any way defaced or if it has been immersed in water or any other liquid. WHO ELSE OFFERS YOU OUR TYPE OF GUARANTEE? BUYING CHEAP AND WITHOUT GUARANTEES IS VERY, VERY RISKY BUSINESS. SPEND YOUR HARD-EARNED MONEY WISELY!

There are 75 items in this category

FIUME ANNESSIONE overprints PRINTER'S WASTE
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME ANNESSIONE overprints PRINTER'S WASTE
Price: $44.00
Item Id #007728    See Details...
FIUME ITALY POSTAGE DUES RED & BLACK FIGURES on cover
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME ITALY POSTAGE DUES RED & BLACK FIGURES on cover
Description: Elusive Cover with POSTAGE DUE STAMPS RED FIGURES 1 F. 15 F (hand overprint Type II) ** 30 F (hand overprint Type IV) BLACK FIGURES 6 F and 50 F (hand overprint Type II) ** 12 F ( hand overprint Type IV) Over $650 Sassone as Used stamps without considering the premium as a Cover all genuine GUARANTEED cancelled FIUME "I c" cds 1919 - superb reference material Signed by noted Experts Dr. Migliavacca and Silvano Sorani
Price: $250.00
Item Id #007729    See Details...
FIUME OVERPRINT 4 COLOR FRANKING REGISTERED rare
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME OVERPRINT 4 COLOR FRANKING REGISTERED rare
Description: GENUINE LETTERPRESS (MACHINE) OVERPRINTS rare 4 color franking, registered signed by noted expert Dr. Migliavacca
Price: $87.00
Item Id #007731    See Details...
FIUME ITALY FRANCO overprints on cover RARE SIGNED
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME ITALY FRANCO overprints on cover RARE SIGNED
Description: Elusive Cover with FRANCO overprints on FIUME and POSTA FIUME issues 12 different stamps all genuine GUARANTEED cancelled FIUME "I AE" cds 1919 - superb reference material Signed by noted Expert Dr. Migliavacca
Price: $129.00
Item Id #007732    See Details...
FIUME POSTMARKS 1809-1945 by Gilbert IMPORTANT BOOK
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME POSTMARKS 1809-1945 by Gilbert IMPORTANT BOOK
Description: THE POSTMARKS OF FIUME 1809-1945 By J. F. Gilbert In English, 2007, A4, 164 pages, illustrated throughout, spiral bound Historical & Political background * French Occupation * Austrian period * Hungarian period * World War One: Censor Marks, Feldposts, FPOs, British FPOs, Italian Posta Militare, French & British presence * SHS * D’Annunzio Regime * Free State, Sub post offices, Veglia, Arbe, Fiume annexed to Italy, World War Two: Fiumano-Kupa, Yugoslav Military Occupation, Railway TPO postmarks, Maritime & Paquebot postmarks, Air Mail postmarks, miscellaneous, registered and accessory, instructional postmarks etc etc. Required reading for the specialist and the astute collector who wants to know the real importance and value of certain items. A very useful reference that will enable you to mount your postal history collection in a sensible way and in a way that will greatly enhance its value and relevance. WE SHIP WORLDWIDE HANDLING & POSTAGE: TO USA — FREE SHIPPING TO ALL OTHER DESTINATIONS : $4.00
Price: $63.00
Item Id #001850    See Details...
FIUME PROVINCE POSTMARKS 1924 -1943 INCL. PRECURSORS
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME PROVINCE POSTMARKS 1924 -1943 INCL. PRECURSORS
Description: THE POSTMARKS OF THE PROVINCE OF FIUME 1924- 1943 INCLUDING PRECURSORS BY JOHN F GILBERT In English, 134 (A4) Pages, Illustrated Throughout, spiral bound HISTORICAL OVERVIEW: MAPS & GENERAL INFORMATION POSTMARKS OF THE PROVINCE OF FIUME: A STUDY BY PROF. FRANCESCO GERINI BASIC DESIGN TYPES OF MARKINGS POSTMARKS: A TO V INDEX OF TOWN NAMES FIUMANO KUPA ZONE FIUME LITORALE VEGLIA AND ARBE SLOVENIA & CROATIA: A POSTSCRIPT This Volume completes the Study of This fascinating Area: see my store for the 1st Volume HANDLING & POSTAGE: TO USA: FREE SHIPPING TO OTHER DESTINATIONS: $12.00 When possible we will combine multiple purchases into one shipment to save you money on postage
Price: $56.00
Item Id #001851    See Details...
FIUME POSTAL HISTORY & STAMPS by Ciullo - 210 pages
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME POSTAL HISTORY & STAMPS by Ciullo - 210 pages
Description: FIUME: COMPENDIUM OF POSTAL HISTORY & STAMP ISSUES FROM THE ORIGINS TO THE 1920s 210 pages, in Italian, illustrated throughout Compendium of information published in a long series of articles from the 1920s to the 21st century. The Author has added his personal reasearch and his ability of presenting the subject matter in a clear fashion shows throughout this important work which is essential reading for anyone who collects Fiume's stamps and Postal History Postal History and Postmarks from origins to 1918 Fiume and the Croat Occupation Allied Occupation Provisional Issue The Fiume post during the allied occupation - FIRST ISSUE Currency and postal rates Second Period: Pictorial and Allegories Series; Military Mail FPOs; Mail from Air Force and Navy D'Annunzio Stamps: Arbe, Veglia Free State : Governo Provvisorio stamps; Costituente Fiumana issue San Vito Stamps, Annessione etc The Author touches on the subject of FORGERIES in most of the Seven Chapters of this book . WE SHIP WORLDWIDE HANDLING & POSTAGE: TO USA — FREE SHIPPING TO ALL OTHER DESTINATIONS via AIRMAIL (only) : 8.00
Price: $80.00     Sale Price! $59.00
Item Id #001854    See Details...
YUGOSLAVIA TRIESTE FIUME REVENUES CATALOG CROATIA BOSNIA
Condition: YUGOSLAVIA TRIESTE FIUME REVENUES CATALOG CROATIA BOSNIA
Description: Standard catalogue covering the revenues of Yugoslavia, including Municipals, and related territories such as Bosnia, Croatia, Dalmatia, Fiume, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia and Trieste. Adds much more to the old Spajic listing, and the country and municipal groupings are easier to follow. Text in English, 132 pages, published 2003.
Price: $47.00
Item Id #003431    See Details...
TRIESTE POLA FIUME ISTRIA SLOVENE LITTORAL 1945-47
Country: TRIESTE
Condition: TRIESTE POLA FIUME ISTRIA SLOVENE LITTORAL 1945-47
Description: TRIESTE, POLA, FIUME, ISTRIA & SLOVENE LITTORAL UNDER YUGOSLAV ADMINISTRATION: 1945-1947 STAMPS & POSTAL HISTORY BY DAMIR NOVAKOVIC Hardbound; 912 pages (17 cm x 24 cm); hundres of colour illustrations; IN ENGLISH with evaluations plating charts; Historical & Political Background POLA: Provisional Issue & Postal History TRIESTE: Provisional Issue & Postal History TRIESTE ZONE B & FIUME: 1945-1847 Provisional Issues & Postal History AIRMAIL * CENSORSHIP * MILITARY MAIL * STAMPLESS MAIL POSTAL STATIONERY * POSTAL RATES PLATING OF STAMPS & OVERPRINTS PLATING DICTIONARY PLACE NAMES CROAT SLOVENE ITALIAN APPENDIX MONETARY SYSTEM MAPS WITH POST OFFICES LOCATIONS You name it; this book got it beware: from 1945 to 1947 VERY HEAVY TO SHIP * WE SHIP ONLY BY AIRMAIL (allow 4 to 8 weeks for postal delivery)
Price: $140.00     Sale Price! $99.00
Item Id #003434    See Details...
FIUME ITALY Cover 9 different stamps SIGNED genuine
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME ITALY Cover 9 different stamps SIGNED genuine
Description: Elusive Cover with 9 Different Stamps of FIUME Machine Overprint - all the HARVESTERS TYPE of the First Issue except the 10f 70 Euros as used stamps, without counting that these are on a cover all genuine GUARANTEED cancelled FIUME I c cds 1919 - superb reference material Signed by noted Expert Dr. Migliavacca
Price: $125.00
Item Id #007287    See Details...
FIUME ITALY Cover 8 different stamps SIGNED genuine
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME ITALY Cover 8 different stamps SIGNED genuine
Description: Elusive Cover with 8 Different Stamps of FIUME all genuine GUARANTEED vancelled FIUME I c cds 1919 Signed by noted Expert Dr. Migliavacca A Maximum Card has a postage stamp affixed on the view side of a picture postcard and a cancellation (postmark) with maximum concordance between elements (depiction on stamp matching the depiction on postcard - or elements of it -- with a postmark that is as closely related as possible to what is depicted on stamp and postcard)
Price: $75.00
Item Id #007288    See Details...
FIUME STAMPS & POSTAL HISTORY BY DEHN in English
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME STAMPS & POSTAL HISTORY BY DEHN in English
Description: The Stamps and Postal History of Fiume 1600-1924, by Roy A. Dehn, Published 1998 by the Author. Perfect bound 6 1/2 x 9 1/2 card cover, 120 pages, 141 black and white illustrations - ISBN 0 9532797 0 7. When looking at the vast amount of literature on the stamps and postal history of the Italian area published in the English language, most philatelists will realize that this is not only a fascinating area but also one where scholarly research can be accessed quite easily. Sometimes, as is the case with the book under review, the information is first published in English; and this does not happen with English-speaking authors only but with Italian scholars too. Emilio Diena, to cite a major example, published his opus magnus on the stamps of Sicily in English, and there are many similar cases where Italian readers have to wait in line for quite a few years before the information becomes available in their own language. Up until the publication of this book there virtually was no monograph on the stamps and postal history of Fiume. The Fiume section of the Catalogo Storico e Descrittivo dei francobolli d’Italia published in 1923 was not reliable (see Rivista Filatelica d’Italia, July 1924, p. 204-5). To complicate things the bad publicity about the endless number of forged overprints and forged stamps, compounded by the apparent difficulties in deciphering the six hand overprints was a big deterrent. The few articles written on the subject were in Italian and occasionally in German; but things improved during the 1970s and 1980s when Dehn began to publish a series of articles in Italian and British magazines. Nevertheless it was not enough and the need for a monograph was all too evident. We are glad that the project has finally come to fruition. Now, of course, Italian publishers want to publish an Italian edition of Dehn’s book to satisfy a sizable demand on the domestic market. At the end of World War One the Croatian port of Fiume (now called Rijeka) on the East side of the Northern Adriatic Sea became the subject of controversy between the new nation of Yugoslavia and Italy. Fiume dates back to Roman times when it was called “Tarsatica” or “Terra Fluminis Sancti Viti” (the river-land of St Vitus); Fiume, in fact means river. In 1465 the Waldsee dynasty came to an end and the Habsburgs inherited Fiume from them. This was a valuable acquisition since it gave Austria a much needed outlet on the sea. It later became Hungary’s only major port when it was annexed to that country in 1776 by a decree of Empress Maria Theresa. In 1809 Fiume was incorporated into the Napoleonic province of Illyria, but in 1814 it was returned to Austria, and eight years later re-assigned to Hungary. In 1848, despite the city’s adverse feelings to ‘Croatisation’, it became part of the Croatian Crownland. In 1870 the postal network was controlled by Hungary. Stamps of Austria were used at Fiume until 1871 when Hungarian stamps were introduced. The secret Treaty of London (26 April 1915) assigned Fiume to Croatia, while Italy was to annex Dalmatia. But when the “October Revolution” forced Russia to withdraw, Italy found herself bearing the burden; thus, expectations of greater rewards were fuelled by public opinion, and while Dalmatia had only marginal connections with Italy, Fiume had a strong ethnic presence of Italians. The suburb of Susak had 11,000 Croats and 1,500 Italians, but the rest of Fiume was said to have 22,488 Italians and 13,351 Croats. On 28 October 1918 the Italian flag was raised on the Civic Tower of Fiume (A4 type: Scott 30-32) heralding the strong wind of change. Two days later a plebiscite called for annexation to Italy, and an inter-Allied force (British, French and American) had to intervene to prevent a clash. From a strictly postal viewpoint, the “de facto” Italian annexation resulted in overprinting stocks of Hungarian stamps with the name “FIUME” in capital letters. This operation was carried out by letterpress for the post office stocks and by hand for privately held part sheets or single stamps. The provisional (overprinted) issue of Fiume (Scott 1-23; SG 1-28) is familiar to specialists for its complexities. Many of these stamps are known to have two distinct types of letterpress overprints and as many as six distinct types of hand overprints (Scott 7, SG 5 exists with hand overprints but the rare letterpress type is known only with the overprint inverted, while regular - upright - letterpress overprints of this stamp are forgeries). Forgeries abound, but Fiume overprints, as Dehn explains in his monograph, are not exceedingly difficult to assess once some genuine reference copies of each overprint are acquired. Eventually Rome twisted the arm of the Allies and on 22 February 1923 (Scott 184-195) Fiume was annexed to Italy. The process had been far from painless as it involved the highly embarrassing intervention of Gabriele d’Annunzio - a charismatic hero and poet with a penchant for flamboyance - and his “Arditi” paramilitary force. After the Rapallo Treaty was signed (11 November 1920) it became necessary to get rid of the belligerent poet-hero and his Legionari and on Christmas Eve the battleship “Andrea Doria” shelled d’Annunzio headquarters and his men capitulated. Between December 1918 and March 1924 (“Annessione” set: Scott 196-207, SG 225-238) Fiume had issued no less than 280 stamps. This figure (which is taken from Sassone - the standard Italian catalogue) excludes the offshore islands of Arbe and Veglia (now known as Rab and Krk respectively). With only one exception (Scott B4-B15, SG 71-82) all the series issued by Fiume between 1918 and 1923 have been forged. The proliferation of these forgeries was fuelled in the post World War One years when demand for “war stamps” was at its peak. The 1918-1924 issues of Fiume have witnessed a great revival in popularity during the last fifteen-to-twenty years. The specialist’s appetite is greater than ever and the advanced collector is always on the lookout for something impressive to add to the collection. The “unique” 1920 d’Annunzio “Pro Fondazione” 15c. stamp was until recent times Fiume’s most elusive acquisition. Recent research has proved that the stamp is not “unique” and that some books, a philatelic encyclopedia, some Italian catalogues, and a few over-zealous auctioneers had been deceived by d’Annunzio’s lie. The stamp depicting the poet wearing a Lancers beret to disguise his bald head was welcomed by d’Annunzio but was not readily available to the general public. Until recently only one cover with this semi-stamp was known; it was autographed by d’Annunzio himself to give it the needed “pedigree” and attest its “uniqueness”. In due course the cover was auctioned for 50,000 Lire (or today’s equivalent of $25,000). In recent times two postcards with the same unique d’Annunzio stamp have surfaced on the market; needless to say, the perspective buyers got suspicious that many more may come out of the drawer and one such item offered at auction with an estimate of $3,000 found no buyers. To clear d’Annunzio’s reputation from allegations of getting rich at the expense of stamp collectors, suffice it to say that the proceeds from the sale of the “unique” stamp were donated to a Fiume welfare institution. After a few weeks of life the 1920 Legionari issue (Scott type A12; SG type M17) was overprinted and all the Lira denominations were handstamped on the gummed side with the emblem of the Arditi - a snake swallowing its own tail symbolizing eternity and Rome the eternal city. Needless to say, this overprint has been forged causing great concern among collectors. Unfortunately the Arditi handstamp, or backprint, is not illustrated in major catalogues, except for Catalogo Enciclopedico Italiano and Michel. But such illustrations are of little help to the collector who wants to detect forged backprints. This critical information is now available in Dehn’s book. With the advent of the Fascist party to power, the 1920 Rapallo Treaty, which envisaged a free state of Fiume-Rijeka with an Italo-Fiuman-Yugoslav consortium for the port, was ignored despite the fact that such a solution had been approved by the Fiuman electorate on 24 April 1921. Benito Mussolini’s pressures resulted in a new Italo-Yugoslav treaty (Rome, 27 January, 1924) recognizing Fiume itself as Italian while Susak was given to Yugoslavia. The Author has divided the subject matter in nineteen concise chapters packed with information. The beginner will find this book exceedingly useful because Dehn does not leave any stone un-turned and takes time out to explain details that other scholars may have omitted as “common knowledge”. The specialist - and even the advanced collector - will find new information and Dehn’s methodical approach will stimulate him/her to delve further. This well written book is replete with very useful and clear illustrations of stamps, overprints, postmarks, forged stamps and forged overprints; it also benefits from a truly exhaustive bibliography. The binding is solid, and the production is excellent. There is no doubt that this is a very useful monograph that will stand the test of time. It is highly recommended to the collector of the Italian area and the philatelist who wants to venture into something new and challengingly exciting. GIORGIO MIGLIAVACCA **** WE SHIP WORLDWIDE When possible we will combine multiple purchases into one shipment to save you money on postage
Price: $85.00
Item Id #011679    See Details...
FIUME ITALY REGISTERED Cover 3 different stamps
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME 1919 REGISTERED Cover 3 different stamps
Description: Elusive Cover with 3 Different Stamps of FIUME Machine Overprint - HARVESTERS TYPE & WELFARE (Eagle) REGISTERED COVER & REGISTRATION LABEL - SUSAK arrival postmark on back of cover all genuine GUARANTEED cancelled FIUME "3" cds 1919 - superb reference material Signed by noted Expert Dr. Migliavacca
Price: $74.00
Item Id #006104    See Details...
3 COLOR FRANKING REGISTERED LETTER TO SUSAK
Country: FIUME
Condition: 3 COLOR FRANKING REGISTERED LETTER TO SUSAK
Description: Signed by Expert Dr Migliavacca
Price: $65.00
Item Id #006110    See Details...
Fiume 1918—1924—I servizi postali e la filatelia * BY OLIVIERO - HEAVY BOOK check out postage costs
Country: FIUME
Condition: Fiume 1918—1924—I servizi postali e la filatelia * BY EMOROSO - 5 pounds BOOK read carefully for postage costs
Description: ******** LAST COPIES IN STOCK **** THIS BOOK IS NOW OUT OF PRINT IN ITALY **** VERY IMPORTANT * WHEN BUYING THIS BOOK IGNORE THE AUTOMATIC $10 charge [we will send you a Paypal invoice or equivalent for the exact amount] -THIS IS a 5 Pounds PACKET- *** SHIPPING COSTS: TO USA $24 ** TO CANADA $43 ** TO OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE AMERICAS & EUROPE $55 ** AFRICA, AUSTRALIA, ASIA & FAR EAST $65 *********** Fiume 1918—1924—I servizi postali e la filatelia tra vicende storiche e vita di tutti i giorni, by Oliviero Emoroso, Published 2013, by the Author. Perfect bound 8 1/4” x 11 3/4”, card cover, 424 pages, in Italian, hundreds of colour illustrations. Available from: Virginstamps.com PO Box 7007, St. Thomas, VI 00801-0007 USA (issun@candwbvi.net) Two years ago I heard through the grapevine that a Croatian specialist was publishing a new book on the stamps of Fiume, and a website on the same topic was supposed to be launched by the same person. “Fra il dire e il fare c’è di mezzo il mare” (between words and deeds there is a sea) is an Italian adage that I have learned the hard way that it is true. Philatelic publishing is not a money-making venture, it is an expression of love, an ideal way of sharing one’s knowledge for many years to come, while promoting our favourite hobby. The latest news is that the Croatian specialist is finally putting his last touches to both website and book. Others, however, seem to have been working on similar pursuits with impressive results. It is always a pleasure to hold in one’s hands a new book on the stamps and postal history of Fiume, especially this massive new volume by Emoroso. The first attempt to make a listing of these intriguing stamps came with the Fiume chapter of the Catalogo Storico e Descrittivo dei francobolli d’Italia published in 1923, under the supervision of the great Emilio Diena, based on information provided by the top brass of the Fiume Philatelic Society, Vincenzo Antoniazzo and Umberto Riccotti. In 1981, I published a reprint of this section of the first scientific catalogue of the Italian area. The Fiume listings were deemed incomplete and not reliable by contemporaries (see Rivista Filatelica d’Italia, July 1924, p. 204-5). To complicate things, the bad publicity about the endless number of forged overprints and forged stamps, compounded by the apparent difficulties in deciphering the six hand overprints was a big deterrent. The few articles written on the subject were in Italian and occasionally in German; finally, in 1958, Guglielmo Oliva published his Razionale Catalogazione dei Francobolli di Fiume which was a far from complete compendium that provided a solid starting point and a definite blueprint for other catalogues to build on. Oliva had also written some good articles on the subject. However, the language barrier, technicalities, missing pieces of the puzzle, and intricacies were eased during the 1970s and 1980s when Roy Dehn began to publish a series of articles on Fiume in Italian and British magazines. This was indeed a breath of fresh air and the feedback was so positive that in 1998, Dehn published his handbook and compendium The Stamps and Postal History of Fiume 1600-1924 which remains a cornerstone of the literature on these stamps. In the meantime, Francesco Carlotto had published a well-researched series of articles on the postal history of Fiume (Nuovo Corriere Filatelico, and Bollettino prefilatelico e storico postale, 1983-4). Finally there was light at the end of the tunnel, some cadavers had come out of the closet and information jealously held back in some quarters began to circulate. In 2006, Ivan Martinas, a Croatian expertiser, published his 250-page bilingual (Croatian-English) catalogue Stamps of Rijeka, Fiume 1918-1924 — yes, you read correctly 250 pages! Immediately after, in February 2007, C.E.I. published Carlo Ciullo’s Fiume: Sintesi Prefilatelica e Storico-Postale — a book that was an eye opener for Italian collectors resulting in many cobwebs being removed and quite a few myths unveiled. Fil-Italia, the Italy & Colonies Study Circle quarterly, during the course of its 40 years has published many articles on Fiume, especially about postmarks and postal history aspects. As a result, in 2007 the ICSC published a volume by John F. Gilbert titled The Postmarks of Fiume 1809-1945, and in 2009 a sequel by the same Author titled The Postmarks of the Province of Fiume, 1924-1943 including precursors followed. Having examined the major bibliographic entries on Fiume, it will be useful to the reader who is not too familiar with Fiume to spend a couple minutes on a brief outline of its history and philatelic ramifications. At the end of World War One the Croatian port of Fiume (now called Rijeka) on the east side of the Northern Adriatic Sea became the subject of controversy between the new nation of Yugoslavia and Italy. Fiume’s origins go back to Roman times when it was called “Tarsatica” or “Terra Fluminis Sancti Viti” (the river-land of St Vitus); Fiume, in fact, means river. In 1465, the Waldsee dynasty came to an end and the Habsburgs inherited Fiume from them. This was a valuable acquisition since it gave Austria a much needed outlet on the sea. It later became Hungary’s only major port when it was annexed to that country in 1776 by a decree of Empress Maria Theresa. In 1809, Fiume was incorporated into the Napoleonic province of Illyria, but in 1814 it was returned to Austria, and eight years later assigned to Hungary. In 1848, despite the city’s adverse feelings to ‘Croatisation’, it became part of the Croatian Crownland. In 1870 the postal network was controlled by Hungary. Stamps of Austria were used at Fiume until 1871 when Hungarian stamps were introduced. The secret Treaty of London (26 April 1915) envisaged Fiume becoming part of Croatia, while Italy was to annex Dalmatia. Things went differently, and when the “October Revolution” forced Russia to withdraw, Italy found herself bearing the burden. Thus, expectations of greater rewards were fuelled by public opinion, and while Dalmatia had only marginal connections with Italy, Fiume had a strong ethnic presence of Italians. The suburb of Susak had 11,000 Croats and 1,500 Italians, but the rest of Fiume was said to have 22,488 Italians and 13,351 Croats. On 28 October 1918, the Italian flag was raised on the Civic Tower of Fiume (A4 type: Scott 30-32; SG 36) heralding the strong wind of change. Two days later a plebiscite called for annexation to Italy, and an inter-Allied force (British, French and American) had to intervene to prevent a clash. From a strictly postal viewpoint, the “de facto” Italian annexation resulted in the overprinting of stocks of Hungarian stamps with the name “FIUME” in capital letters. This operation was carried out by letterpress for the post office stocks and by hand for part sheets or single stamps, as well as similar stamps that the public was returning to the post office in order to obtain the new ones. The provisional (overprinted) issue of Fiume (Scott 1-23; SG 1-28) is familiar to specialists for its complexities. Many of these stamps are known to have two distinct types of letterpress overprints and as many as six distinct types of hand overprints. Forgeries abound, but Fiume overprints, as Dehn explained in his monograph, are not exceedingly difficult to assess once some genuine reference copies of each overprint are acquired. Eventually Rome twisted the arm of the Allies and on 22 February 1923 (Scott 184-195; SG 217-224) Fiume was annexed to Italy. The process had been far from painless as it involved the highly embarrassing intervention of Gabriele d’Annunzio - a charismatic hero, poet, aviator, and seducer with a penchant for flamboyance - and his “Arditi” paramilitary force. After the Rapallo Treaty was signed (11 November 1920) it became necessary to get rid of the belligerent poet-hero and his Legionari and on Christmas Eve the battleship Andrea Doria shelled d’Annunzio headquarters and his men capitulated. Between December 1918 and March 1924 (“Annessione” set: Scott 196-207, SG 225-238) Fiume had issued no less than 280 stamps. This figure (which is taken from Sassone - the standard Italian catalogue) excludes the Legionari stamps overprinted for the offshore islands of Arbe and Veglia (now known as Rab and Krk respectively). With virtually no exception all the series issued by Fiume between 1918 and 1923 have been forged. The proliferation of these forgeries was fuelled in the post World War One years when demand for “war stamps” was at its peak. The 1918-1924 issues of Fiume have witnessed a great revival in popularity during the last 30 years. The specialist’s appetite is greater than ever and the advanced collector is always on the lookout for something impressive to add to his collection. The “unique” 1920 d’Annunzio “Pro Fondazione” 15c. soi-disant stamp was until recent times Fiume’s most elusive acquisition. Recent research has proved that the stamp is not “unique” and that some books, a philatelic encyclopedia, some Italian catalogues, and a few over-zealous auctioneers had been deceived by d’Annunzio’s lie. The stamp depicting the poet wearing a lancers beret to disguise his bald head was welcomed by d’Annunzio but was not readily available to the general public. Until recently only one cover with this semi-stamp was known; it was autographed by d’Annunzio himself to give it the needed “pedigree” and attest its “uniqueness”. In due course the cover was auctioned for 50,000 Lire (or today’s equivalent of $35,000). In recent times two postcards with the same unique d’Annunzio stamp have surfaced on the market; needless to say, the perspective buyers feared that many more would come out of the drawer and one such item offered at auction with an estimate of $3,000 found no buyers. To clear d’Annunzio’s reputation from allegations of getting rich at the expense of stamp collectors, suffice it to say that the proceeds from the sale of the “unique” stamp were donated to a Fiume welfare institution. After a few weeks of life the 1920 Legionari issue (Scott type A12; SG type M17) was overprinted and all the Lira denominations were handstamped on the gummed side with the emblem of the Arditi - a snake swallowing its own tail symbolizing eternity and Rome the eternal city. As would be expected, this overprint has been forged causing great concern among collectors. Unfortunately the Arditi handstamp, or backprint, is not illustrated in major catalogues, except for Catalogo Enciclopedico Italiano and Michel. But such illustrations are of little help to the collector who wants to detect forged backprints. This critical information is now available in both Dehn’s handbook and Emoroso’s monograph. With the advent of the Fascist party to power, the 1920 Rapallo Treaty, which envisaged a free state of Fiume-Rijeka with an Italo-Fiuman-Yugoslav consortium for the port, was ignored despite the fact that such a solution had been approved by the Fiuman electorate on 24 April 1921. Benito Mussolini’s pressures resulted in a new Italo-Yugoslav treaty (Rome, 27 January, 1924) recognizing Fiume itself as Italian while Susak was given to Yugoslavia. Emoroso’s book is a dream come true, no exaggeration at all. In 32 well-articulated chapters the Author gives us an in-depth survey of all the stamp issues of Fiume. It is a work of love indeed and one of the reasons is that the family roots of the Como-based Author are in Fiume. The Author points out that all too often philatelists are jealous of their knowledge but — he insists — when it comes to Fiume stamps “it is best to relinquish our protectiveness of petty interests and divulge as much as possible every aspect of our knowledge, thereby creating confidence and promoting interest for this collecting area. This is the only way to disperse the fog and the fear that surround it.” No wonder, that with such a philosophy he has given us an unprecedented amount of information. As stated in the title of the book, ample information on the history of Fiume and day-to-day life is provided so that the reader can land on the philatelic and postal aspect with good knowledge of what was happening. From the outset, Emoroso deals with the first overprint — the large sans-serif provisional type — examining all the evidence and the conflicting reports, as well as the flip-flops of the experts. As you finish reading chapter II you may wonder what is coming in later chapters because this Author seems to leave no stones unturned. In fact, he does that relentlessly and passionately. Two chapters, 21 pages, deal with the Machine overprint I and II on the Reapers and Parliament definitive stamps of Hungary as well on the War Charity stamps, the 2 filler newspaper stamp, and the postage due stamps. Chapter V takes another 20 pages for the six types of hand overprints which brings back memories of when after acquiring the Riccotti collection of Fiume - and a few years later the Bernardelli one - I often went to visit the much revered Milanese expert Commendator Fiecchi who had his office in an hotel room a few yards (yes yards) away from the Cathedral Square. I remember that invariably, when I returned a few days later to get the verdicts, Mr. Fiecchi repeated himself saying “these hand overprints are much more rare than we are made to believe, you should visit Commendator Mondolfo in Rome [publisher of the Sassone catalogue and an avid Fiume specialist] to add this variant and that one and that one, all unlisted and extremely rare, to the Sassone listings”. These hand overprints became necessary to recycle post office remainders that would not be suitable for the typographical system because of being in quarter sheets, multiples, blocks and even single stamps. This process was carried out during late 1918, and as a courtesy the public, and to gather up more old regime stamps for overprinting, the public could surrender them at the post office in exchange for the Fiume ones. Some of the hand overprints are truly rare and some are surrounded by mystery. The latter flourished on the failure of Antoniazzo and Riccotti to publish a second edition of their listings and research that were supposed to include all the relevant information on these hand overprints and their sub-types. This remains a rather important missing piece of the puzzle. The next chapter delves into nuances, old controversies plagued with philatelic convenience, and printed quantities. The section devoted to forged overprints of the early issues is exhaustive and the main focus is on the truly dangerous imitations that can fool even the most advanced collectors. Postal stationery is discussed in great detail and then we go on with the Pictorial series and the various types of paper used to print it, plus plate flaws, as well as printed quantities. The Students’ Education Fund issue is next, followed by a very informative chapter on currency and bank notes. Valuable information also comes from the section devoted to the re-organization of the postal service where we also learn about postal money orders, parcel post and their forms. The chapter on postal rates is very useful and well articulated and the same can be said of the one on postmarks, date stamps, as well as labels for registered and express mail. Emoroso reserves a lot of his energies to shed more light on field post offices operating in the region and their handling and censorship; the same applies to mail from sailors of the Royal Navy as well as the mails from the USA, French, and British Forces stationed in the area. The arrival of d’Annunzio and his Legionari had its philatelic impact, beginning with the Valore Globale overprints on the earlier mentioned Students’ Education Fund stamps. Then came the stamps denominated in Italian currency and featuring the head turned left of d’Annunzio himself. The Lira was not yet the legal tender in Fiume, for that to happen it took years (March 1924); it was, however, used as an accounting currency, and Italian coins were gradually seeing more circulation. The Legionari issues and overprints are examined in great detail and no less than 60 pages are devoted to them. The Provisional Government and the New Constitution overprints get their share of attention. The final pages of this veritable tour de force examine the St. Vitus pictorial series of 1923 and its overprints of 1924 to announce Fiume’s Annexation to Italy. This authoritative and readable volume is lavishly produced with hundreds of high quality illustrations; it is ideal for the beginner, irrespective of his language, and even the most advanced collector will benefit from it as a reference and a source of information that is otherwise scattered over dozens of stamp magazines and catalogues. No matter at what level of Fiume collecting you are, you will find this book to be indispensable. [Review by Giorgio Migliavacca] ******************** VERY IMPORTANT * WHEN BUYING THIS BOOK IGNORE THE AUTOMATIC $10 charge [we will send you a Paypal invoice or equivalent for the exact amount] -THIS IS a 5 Pounds PACKET- *** SHIPPING COSTS: TO USA $24 ** TO CANADA $43 ** TO OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE AMERICAS & EUROPE $55 ** AFRICA, AUSTRALIA, ASIA & FAR EAST $65 **********************
Price: $120.00
Item Id #011493    See Details...
FIUME HARVESTERS 3 DIFFERENT REGISTERED LETTER TO SUSAK
Country: FIUME
Condition: FIUME HARVESTERS 3 DIFFERENT REGISTERED LETTER TO SUSAK
Description: Signed by Expert Dr Migliavacca
Price: $55.00
Item Id #007148    See Details...
GABRIELE D'ANNUNZIO 2013 MAXIMUM CARD
Country: ITALY
Condition: GABRIELE D'ANNUNZIO 2013 MAXIMUM CARD
Description: LIMITED EDITION
Price: $8.90
Item Id #009716    See Details...
FIUME 3F HIGH  & LEFT FIUME OVERPRINT USED rare
Country: FIUME
Catalog #: Sassone #5f
Condition: FIUME 3F HIGH & LEFT FIUME OVERPRINT USED rare
Description: 3 FILLER USED ON PIECE WITH FIUME OVERPRINT PLACED MUCH HIGHER THAN USUAL - ALSO SHIFT TO THE RIGHT SIDE - Sassone 5f (not priced used due to its scarcity) - most attractive and desirable * GUARANTEED GENUINE (read our introduction to Fiume offerings)
Price: $60.00
Item Id #001964    See Details...
FIUME 6F HIGH FIUME OVERPRINT USED rare Sassone 7f
Country: FIUME
Catalog #: Sassone #7f
Condition: FIUME 6F HIGH FIUME OVERPRINT USED rare Sassone 7f
Description: 6 FILLER USED ON PIECE WITH FIUME OVERPRINT PLACED MUCH HIGHER THAN USUAL - UPWARD SHIFT - Sassone 7f (not priced used due to its scarcity) - most attractive and desirable * GUARANTEED GENUINE (read our introduction to Fiume offerings)
Price: $60.00
Item Id #001963    See Details...
FIUME 20F HARVESTERS LOW OVERPRINT USED RARE
Catalog #: Sassone #10fa
Condition: FIUME 20F HARVESTERS LOW OVERPRINT USED RARE
Description: 20 FILLER USED ON PIECE WITH FIUME OVERPRINT PLACED MUCH LOWER THAN USUAL - Sassone 10fa (not priced used due to its scarcity) - most attractive and desirable * GUARANTEED GENUINE (read our introduction to Fiume offerings)
Price: $40.00
Item Id #001961    See Details...
FIUME 20F HARVESTERS LOW OVERPRINT USED RARE
Country: FIUME
Catalog #: Sassone #10fa
Condition: FIUME 20F HARVESTERS LOW OVERPRINT USED RARE
Description: 20 FILLER USED ON PIECE WITH FIUME OVERPRINT PLACED MUCH LOWER THAN USUAL - Sassone 10fa (not priced used due to its scarcity) - most attractive and desirable * GUARANTEED GENUINE (read our introduction to Fiume offerings)
Price: $40.00
Item Id #001962    See Details...
5 cent VALORE GLOBALE 3rd LINE OF OVERPRINT SHOWS TIGHTER KERNING MINT OG
Country: FIUME
Catalog #: Sassone #99\I
Condition: 5 CENT VALORE GLOBALE TIGHT KERNING MINT OG
Description: MINT ORIGINAL GUM * THIRD LINE OF THE OVERPRINT SHOWS TIGHTER CHARACTERS (KERNING) * LISTED BY SASSONE AS A STANDARD NUMBER 99/I 2 Euros * Not Listed by Scott, differs from Scott 73 as explained above *
Price: $1.60
Item Id #001207    See Details...
2 CORONE VALORE GLOBALE SASSONE 108 MINT ORIGINAL GUM
Catalog #: Sassone #108
Condition: 2 CORONE VALORE GLOBAL MINT OG SCOTT 82
Description: SASSONE 108 25 Euros ** Scott 82 ** Mint Hinged Original Gum (OG) * Stamp depicts ST MARK'S SQUARE IN VENICE
Price: $20.00
Item Id #001208    See Details...
5 CENT LEGIONARI CANCELLED POSTA MILITARE SCOTT 100
Country: FIUME
Catalog #: Sassone #127
Condition: 5 CENT LEGIONARI CANCELLED POSTA MILITARE
Description: Sassone 127 40 Euros * Scott 100 * Guaranteed Genuine (many of these stamps circulating on the market, including internet, are forgeries)**
Price: $32.00
Item Id #001217    See Details...
20 CENT LEGIONARI MINT ORIGINAL GUM FINE * SCOTT 102
Country: FIUME
Catalog #: Sassone #129
Condition: 20 CENT LEGIONARI MINT OG SCOTT 102
Description: Sassone 129 60 Euros * Scott 102 * Guaranteed Genuine (many of these stamps circulating on the market, including internet, are forgeries)** Perforations & Centering typical of this issue
Price: $48.00
Item Id #001220    See Details...