MONTENEGRO WW2

Italian troops occupied Montenegro in April 1941. Overprints on 14 Yugoslav definitive stamps with the Italian and Serbo-Croat versions of the province’s name were issued on 13 June 1941. The Serbo-Croat inscription includes the date of the invasion, April 17, 1941, and the year of the fascist era “XIX”. The same haste, inexperience, and wartime shortages in local printing establishments that produced overprint errors and varieties in Lubiana and, later on, Zara, also resulted in constant varieties here. Only the low denominations were on sale at the post office; the bulk of the entire issue was held back and later on sold to stamp dealers at a high premium with the excuse that the proceeds were to benefit the country. In June, adding insult to injury, nine Italian definitives , one airmail and five postage dues were overprinted in Cyrillic UPHA I OPA (CRNA GORA = Monte Negro) were issued. The bi-lingual wording of the first overprint featuring the fascist year, followed by overprints on stamps depicting the Italian monarch, hurt national sensitivities of Montenegrins and a new approach had to be implemented. To begin with, Queen Helena (nee Petrovic), the consort of King Victor Emmanuel III, was also a Montenegrin, and a special administrative arrangement had to be adopted. On 3 October 1941 Mussolini issued a special decree making Montenegro an Italian Governorship. The special status of Montenegro under Italian occupation is also reflected by its stamps, which include a set issued on 25 May 1943 commemorating Prince Bishop Petrovic Njegosh, author of the Montenegrin national poem. Each of the ten stamps bore a few lines of the poem inscribed on the back. Undoubtedly Queen Helena had a lot of influence in all of this, and having a famous Sicilian stamp collector at the top of the newly established Governorship made things easier. Earlier issues include the four 1940 Legionnaire stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted (January 1942) “Governatorato/del/Montenegro/Valore in Lire”. This set exist with the scarcer black overprint, and with overprint in red; 100 and 200 sets respectively were overprinted. The same situation relates to the Yugoslav Red Cross airmail stamps of 1940, overprinted on 9 January 1942, “Governatorato/del/Montenegro” for one series in black and another in red, 400 and 200 sets respectively. King Peter definitives were used again in 1942 to produce a 9-stamp set overprinted “Governatorato/del/Montenegro/Valore/LIRE” in black. The 1 din is known with a slightly different overprint where the word “LIRE” is noticeably smaller. This rare variety is believed to have originated from a printers’ test sheet that was inadvertently left in the stockpile supplied to the post office. Additionally 11 denominations of the same definitive series received the same overprint in red. The first signs of rebellion came as early as 13 July 1941 when Montenegrin partisans shot up an Italian convoy near Kolasin and besieged garrisons at Danilovgrad and Bioca. A more massive attack came in May 1942. In September 1943, following the announcement that Italy had signed an armistice with the Allies, the Germans took over and in December the on-duty German Field Postmaster overprinted five of Italy’s ten-value regular occupation issue (Scott 2N37-41) and five of the six air mail issue (Scott 2NC18-22) with “Nationaler/Verwaltungsausschuss/10.XI.1943” three-lined overprint. Prior to that (22 November) nine Yugoslav 1939-1940 King Peter stamps of Yugoslavia (five 3 din and four 4 din values) were overprinted with new values in Italian Lire and the inscription “Deutsche/Militaer-/Verwaltung/Montenegro” These overprints were executed by Obod, the Montenegrin state printers in Cetinje. In addition the Field Postmaster authorized four separate semi-postal and two air mail semi-postal sets in 1944, bearing a “Crveni krst/Montenegro” overprint with red cross and new value, and also a “Flüchtlingshilfe/Montenegro” overprint as provisional charity issues in aid of war refugees. Montenegro was liberated in November 1944 by partisan troops under Marshal Tito.

There are 64 items in this category

MONTENEGRO JULY 1943 CRNA GORA ON NEWSPAPER WRAPPER
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: MONTENEGRO JULY 1943 CRNA GORA ON NEWSPAPER WRAPPER
Description: 10c CRNA GORA CANCELLED CETTINJE ON HALF OF A NEWSPAPER WRAPPER - the newspaper GLAS CRNOGORCA was published by the Montenegro Governatorate - very rare use of these issues - signed Migliavacca
Price: $110.00     Sale Price! $70.00
Item Id #010897    See Details...
MONTENEGRO JULY 1943  POSTA MILITARE 142 ON NEWSPAPER WRAPPER
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: MONTENEGRO JULY 1943 POSTA MILITARE 142 ON NEWSPAPER WRAPPER
Description: STAMPLESS HALF NEWSPAPER WRAPPER - the newspaper GLAS CRNOGORCA was published by the Montenegro Governatorate - very rare use of the POSTA MILITARE 142 postmark - signed Migliavacca
Price: $90.00     Sale Price! $69.00
Item Id #010898    See Details...
1941 1d. OVERPRINTED POSTCARD MINT  very fine
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 1941 1d. OVERPRINTED POSTCARD MINT very fine
Description: INTERITALIA 1
Price: $39.00
Item Id #016150    See Details...
1941 30c POSTCARD VICTOR EMANUEL III Mint VERY FINE
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 1941 30c POSTCARD VICTOR EMANUEL III Mint VERY FINE
Description: INTERITALIA 2
Price: $55.00
Item Id #016151    See Details...
NOVEMBER 1943 1 LIRA on 1d overprint . POSTCARD MINT BIG SHIFT OF OVERPRINT
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: NOVEMBER 1943 1 LIRA on 1d overprint . POSTCARD MINT BIG SHIFT OF OVERPRINT
Description: GERMAN OCCUPATION *** EASTWARD HORIZONTAL SHIFT OF OVERPRINT spectacular & RARE variety - VERY FINE *** INTERITALIA 4a 200EUROS
Price: $245.00     Sale Price! $189.00
Item Id #016152    See Details...
1941IMPERIALE OVERPRINTED 9v + Airmail on COVER
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 1941IMPERIALE OVERPRINTED 9v + Airmail on COVER
Description: UNIFICATO 2018 price on cover 100 Euros
Price: $125.00     Sale Price! $70.00
Item Id #016153    See Details...
MAY 1943 CENSORED REGISTERED COVER TO PONZA INTERNEE
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: MAY 1943 CENSORED REGISTERED COVER TO PONZA INTERNEE
Description: Cover complete with 4-page letter censored at the political internees headquarters of the island of PONZA *** ROME TRANSIT cds on the back , with POZA censor mark repeated above registration label - signed Migliavacca * VERY RARE -- VERY IMPORTANT: when it comes to POWs, Civilian Internees, Military and Disinfected mail blemishes are to be expected and it is a fact that such blemishes do not impact the value, importance and desirability of such items.
Price: $80.00
Item Id #016156    See Details...
1942 POST CARD FROM TURKEY with Added Stamps to CETINJE (arrival cds)
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 1942 CENSORED POST CARD FROM TURKEY with Added Stamps to CETINJE (arrival cds)
Description: ITALIAN CENSOR MARK USED AT CETINJE, signed Migliavacca --- VERY IMPORTANT: when it comes to POWs, Civilian Internees, Military and Disinfected mail blemishes are to be expected and it is a fact that such blemishes do not impact the value, importance and desirability of such items.
Price: $38.00
Item Id #016157    See Details...
2 MARCH 1942 Italian Postcard (!) from NOVO MESTO TO BALSA * CENSORED
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 2 MARCH 1942 Italian Postcard (!) from NOVO MESTO TO BALSA * CENSORED
Description: double circle CENSOR MARK * PREFETTURA DI CATTARO COMM. PROV. CENSURA - signed Migliavacca
Price: $50.00
Item Id #016158    See Details...
OCTOBER 1942 FROM CIVILIAN INTERNEE AT PONZA to CETTINJE
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: OCTOBER 1942 FROM CIVILIAN INTERNEE AT PONZA to CETTINJE
Description: "POSTA INTERNATO CIVILE GUERRA" on the back 3 Censor Marks + one censor label
Price: $78.00
Item Id #016159    See Details...
1942 MONTENEGRO OVERPRINT POSTA MILITARE 14 TO TRIESTE
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 1942 MONTENEGRO OVERPRINT POSTA MILITARE 14 TO TRIESTE
Description: PICTURE POSTCARD of PODGORICA
Price: $18.00
Item Id #016160    See Details...
1942 3 MONTENEGRO OVERPRINTS ON CENSORED POSTCARD POSTA MILITARE 48
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 1942 3 MONTENEGRO OVERPRINTS ON CENSORED POSTCARD POSTA MILITARE 48
Description: signed Migliavacca
Price: $39.00
Item Id #016161    See Details...
1943 COVER POSTA MILITARE 14 MONTENEGRO TO BELLUNO
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 1943 COVER POSTA MILITARE 14 MONTENEGRO TO BELLUNO
Description: Many censor marks on the back -- signed Migliavacca
Price: $22.00
Item Id #016162    See Details...
1941 POSTCARD  POSTA MILITARE 14 + 443 OSPEDALE DA CAMPO
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 1941 POSTCARD POSTA MILITARE 14 + 443 OSPEDALE DA CAMPO
Description: BY AIRMAIL TO BOLOGNA - signed Migliavacca
Price: $25.00
Item Id #016163    See Details...
MAY 1943 EXPRESS COVER POSTA MILITARE 91 + UFFICIO IMBARCHI E SBARCH
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: MAY 1943 EXPRESS COVER POSTA MILITARE 91 + UFFICIO IMBARCHI E SBARCH
Description: FROM MONTENEGRO *** scarce boxed UFFICIO IMBARCHI E SBARCHI - interesting franking ** Signed Migliavacca
Price: $48.00
Item Id #016164    See Details...
CETTINJE  11 Oct 1941 POSTA MILITARE 91
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: CETTINJE 11 Oct 1941 POSTA MILITARE 91
Description: Signed Migliavacca
Price: $17.00
Item Id #016165    See Details...
20 MARCH 1943 AIRMAIL * from OSPEDALE DA CAMPO (handstamp)
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 20 MARCH 1943 AIRMAIL * from OSPEDALE DA CAMPO (handstamp)
Price: $20.00
Item Id #016166    See Details...
August 1942 CENSORED COVER  POSTA MILITARE 91 IN CROATIA
Country: CROATIA
Condition: August 1942 CENSORED COVER POSTA MILITARE 91 IN CROATIA
Description: signed Migliavacca
Price: $23.00
Item Id #016167    See Details...
AUGUST 1943 POSTCARD POSTA MILITARE 200
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: AUGUST 1943 POSTCARD POSTA MILITARE 200
Description: FROM POSTA MILITARE 52 posted at PM 200 -- franked with PM (Posta Militare) stamp - signed Migliavacca
Price: $21.00
Item Id #016168    See Details...
4 SEPTEMBER 1943 AIRMAIL COVER POSTA MILITARE 137 ON PM stamps
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 4 SEPTEMBER 1943 AIRMAIL COVER POSTA MILITARE 137 ON PM stamps
Description: on PM (Posta Militare) stamps BY AIR MAIL to SAN POLO (arrival cds) - signed Migliavacca
Price: $35.00
Item Id #016169    See Details...
DEC. 1942  COVER TO CONEGLIANO POSTA MILITARE 14
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: DEC. 1942 COVER TO CONEGLIANO POSTA MILITARE 14
Description: signed Migliavacca
Price: $20.00
Item Id #016170    See Details...
1942 AIRMAIL Cover to POSTA MILITARE 151 GOVERNOR MONTENEGRO
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 1942 AIRMAIL Cover to POSTA MILITARE 151 GOVERNOR MONTENEGRO
Description: CENSORED AT VARESE - interesting franking - signed Migliavacca
Price: $30.00
Item Id #016171    See Details...
COVER FRANKED 4 MONTENEGRO OVERPRINTS POSTA MILITARE 91
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: COVER FRANKED 4 MONTENEGRO OVERPRINTS POSTA MILITARE 91
Description: AIRMAIL *** signed Migliavacca
Price: $34.00
Item Id #016172    See Details...
1942 FRONT (only of) REGISTERED COVER  POSTA MILITARE 99
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: 1942 FRONT (only of) REGISTERED COVER POSTA MILITARE 99
Description: AIRMAIL RATE - elusive registered....signed Migliavacca
Price: $30.00
Item Id #016173    See Details...
1941 25p. OVERPRINTED MINT HINGED FINE
Country: MONTENEGRO
Catalog #: Sassone #1
Condition: 1941 25p. OVERPRINTED MINT HINGED FINE
Price: $2.50
Item Id #016149    See Details...