MONTENEGRO WW2

Italian troops occupied Montenegro in April 1941. Overprints on 14 Yugoslav definitive stamps with the Italian and Serbo-Croat versions of the province’s name were issued on 13 June 1941. The Serbo-Croat inscription includes the date of the invasion, April 17, 1941, and the year of the fascist era “XIX”. The same haste, inexperience, and wartime shortages in local printing establishments that produced overprint errors and varieties in Lubiana and, later on, Zara, also resulted in constant varieties here. Only the low denominations were on sale at the post office; the bulk of the entire issue was held back and later on sold to stamp dealers at a high premium with the excuse that the proceeds were to benefit the country. In June, adding insult to injury, nine Italian definitives , one airmail and five postage dues were overprinted in Cyrillic UPHA I OPA (CRNA GORA = Monte Negro) were issued. The bi-lingual wording of the first overprint featuring the fascist year, followed by overprints on stamps depicting the Italian monarch, hurt national sensitivities of Montenegrins and a new approach had to be implemented. To begin with, Queen Helena (nee Petrovic), the consort of King Victor Emmanuel III, was also a Montenegrin, and a special administrative arrangement had to be adopted. On 3 October 1941 Mussolini issued a special decree making Montenegro an Italian Governorship. The special status of Montenegro under Italian occupation is also reflected by its stamps, which include a set issued on 25 May 1943 commemorating Prince Bishop Petrovic Njegosh, author of the Montenegrin national poem. Each of the ten stamps bore a few lines of the poem inscribed on the back. Undoubtedly Queen Helena had a lot of influence in all of this, and having a famous Sicilian stamp collector at the top of the newly established Governorship made things easier. Earlier issues include the four 1940 Legionnaire stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted (January 1942) “Governatorato/del/Montenegro/Valore in Lire”. This set exist with the scarcer black overprint, and with overprint in red; 100 and 200 sets respectively were overprinted. The same situation relates to the Yugoslav Red Cross airmail stamps of 1940, overprinted on 9 January 1942, “Governatorato/del/Montenegro” for one series in black and another in red, 400 and 200 sets respectively. King Peter definitives were used again in 1942 to produce a 9-stamp set overprinted “Governatorato/del/Montenegro/Valore/LIRE” in black. The 1 din is known with a slightly different overprint where the word “LIRE” is noticeably smaller. This rare variety is believed to have originated from a printers’ test sheet that was inadvertently left in the stockpile supplied to the post office. Additionally 11 denominations of the same definitive series received the same overprint in red. The first signs of rebellion came as early as 13 July 1941 when Montenegrin partisans shot up an Italian convoy near Kolasin and besieged garrisons at Danilovgrad and Bioca. A more massive attack came in May 1942. In September 1943, following the announcement that Italy had signed an armistice with the Allies, the Germans took over and in December the on-duty German Field Postmaster overprinted five of Italy’s ten-value regular occupation issue (Scott 2N37-41) and five of the six air mail issue (Scott 2NC18-22) with “Nationaler/Verwaltungsausschuss/10.XI.1943” three-lined overprint. Prior to that (22 November) nine Yugoslav 1939-1940 King Peter stamps of Yugoslavia (five 3 din and four 4 din values) were overprinted with new values in Italian Lire and the inscription “Deutsche/Militaer-/Verwaltung/Montenegro” These overprints were executed by Obod, the Montenegrin state printers in Cetinje. In addition the Field Postmaster authorized four separate semi-postal and two air mail semi-postal sets in 1944, bearing a “Crveni krst/Montenegro” overprint with red cross and new value, and also a “Flüchtlingshilfe/Montenegro” overprint as provisional charity issues in aid of war refugees. Montenegro was liberated in November 1944 by partisan troops under Marshal Tito.

There are 15 items in this category

MONTENEGRO JULY 1943 CRNA GORA ON NEWSPAPER WRAPPER
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: MONTENEGRO JULY 1943 CRNA GORA ON NEWSPAPER WRAPPER
Description: 10c CRNA GORA CANCELLED CETTINJE ON HALF OF A NEWSPAPER WRAPPER - the newspaper GLAS CRNOGORCA was published by the Montenegro Governatorate - very rare use of these issues - signed Migliavacca
Price: $110.00
Item Id #010897    See Details...
MONTENEGRO JULY 1943  POSTA MILITARE 142 ON NEWSPAPER WRAPPER
Country: MONTENEGRO
Condition: MONTENEGRO JULY 1943 POSTA MILITARE 142 ON NEWSPAPER WRAPPER
Description: STAMPLESS HALF NEWSPAPER WRAPPER - the newspaper GLAS CRNOGORCA was published by the Montenegro Governatorate - very rare use of the POSTA MILITARE 142 postmark - signed Migliavacca
Price: $90.00
Item Id #010898    See Details...
MONTENEGRO GERMANY OCCUPATION 1944
Country: MONTENEGRO
Catalog #: Sassone #15-16
Condition: MONTENEGRO GERMANY OCCUPATION 1944 Scott 3NB1-2 USED
Description: MONTENEGRO GERMANY OCCUPATION 1944 SASSONE 15-16 Scott 3NB1-2 USED 320 Euros
Price: $98.00
Item Id #008866    See Details...
MONTENEGRO GERMANY OCCUPATION 1944 SASSONE 23-24 Scott 3NB9-10 USED
Country: MONTENEGRO
Catalog #: Sassone #23-24
Condition: MONTENEGRO GERMANY OCCUPATION 1944 Scott 3NB9-10 RED OVERPRINT
Description: MONTENEGRO GERMANY OCCUPATION 1944 SASSONE 23-24 Scott 3NB9-10 USED -- 260 euros
Price: $89.00
Item Id #008867    See Details...
1 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 black OVERPRINT MNH OG
Catalog #: Sassone #40
Condition: 1 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 black OVERPRINT MNH OG
Description: MINT NEVER HINGED ORIGINAL GUM, VERY FINE * SASSONE 40 [30 euros]
Price: $18.00
Item Id #001998    See Details...
4 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 black OVERPRINT MNH OG
Country: MONTENEGRO
Catalog #: Sassone #43
Condition: 4 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 black OVERPRINT MNH OG
Description: MINT NEVER HINGED ORIGINAL GUM, VERY FINE * SASSONE 43 [30 euros]
Price: $18.00
Item Id #002000    See Details...
5.50 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 black OVERPRINT MNH OG
Country: MONTENEGRO
Catalog #: Sassone #44
Condition: 5.50 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 black OVERPRINT MNH OG
Description: MINT NEVER HINGED ORIGINAL GUM, VERY FINE * SASSONE 44 [30 euros]
Price: $18.00
Item Id #002001    See Details...
8 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 black OVERPRINT MNH OG
Country: MONTENEGRO
Catalog #: Sassone #46
Condition: 8 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 black OVERPRINT MNH OG
Description: MINT NEVER HINGED ORIGINAL GUM, VERY FINE * SASSONE 46 [30 euros]
Price: $18.00
Item Id #002002    See Details...
10 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 black OVERPRINT MNH OG
Country: MONTENEGRO
Catalog #: Sassone #47
Condition: 10 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 black OVERPRINT MNH OG
Description: MINT NEVER HINGED ORIGINAL GUM, VERY FINE * SASSONE 47 [30 euros]
Price: $18.00
Item Id #002003    See Details...
1 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 RED OVERPRINT MNH OG
Catalog #: Sassone #50
Condition: 1 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 RED OVERPRINT MNH OG
Description: MINT NEVER HINGED ORIGINAL GUM, VERY FINE * SASSONE 50 [40 euros]
Price: $22.00
Item Id #001995    See Details...
4 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 RED OVERPRINT MNH OG
Catalog #: Sassone #54
Condition: 4 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 RED OVERPRINT MNH OG
Description: MINT NEVER HINGED ORIGINAL GUM, VERY FINE * SASSONE 54 [40 euros]
Price: $22.00
Item Id #001997    See Details...
5.50 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 RED OVERPRINT MNH OG
Catalog #: Sassone #55
Condition: 5.50 LIRE GOVERNATORATO 1942 RED OVERPRINT MNH OG
Description: MINT NEVER HINGED ORIGINAL GUM, VERY FINE * SASSONE 55 [40 euros]
Price: $22.00
Item Id #001996    See Details...
1941 COMPLETE AIR MAIL SET MINT NEVER HINGED  very fine
Country: MONTENEGRO
Catalog #: Sassone #A1-A8
Condition: 1941 COMPLETE AIR MAIL SET MINT NEVER HINGED very fine
Description: SASSONE 600 EUROS * SCOTT 2NC 1 - 2NC 8
Price: $299.00     Sale Price! $239.00
Item Id #014294    See Details...
1942 AIR MAIL HIGH VALUE 30 DIN MINT NEVER HINGED VERY FINE
Country: MONTENEGRO
Catalog #: Sassone #A17
Condition: 1942 AIR MAIL HIGH VALUE 30 DIN MINT NEVER HINGED VERY FINE
Description: SCOTT 2NC 17 ** SASSONE 90 EUROS
Price: $45.00     Sale Price! $38.00
Item Id #014295    See Details...
OCCUPATION MONTENEGRO 1942 AIR MAIL SET USED SASSONE A10-17 SCOTT 2NC10-17
Country: MONTENEGRO
Catalog #: Sassone #AIR11-17
Condition: OCCUPATION MONTENEGRO 1942 AIR MAIL USED Black Overprint
Description: RARE 720 EUROS **** OCCUPATION MONTENEGRO 1942 AIR MAIL USED SASSONE A11-17 SCOTT 2NC11-17 - missing only one lower value
Price: $279.00
Item Id #008865    See Details...