The first stamps of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany were issued on 1 April 1851; they depicted a crowned lion of Etruria (the land of the Etruscans) also known as Marzocco, the symbol of Florence. The face value was expressed in fractional denominations of the Tuscan Lira: Quattrino, Soldo, Crazia. One Lira consisted of 60 Quattrini, or 20 Soldi, or 12 Crazie. In Summer 1859, as a result of the Second War of Independence, Grand Duke Leopold II fled Tuscany. A Provisional Government issued new stamps denominated in Italian Lire and featuring the coat of arms of the House of Savoy.

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THE PORT OF LIVORNO  Maritime Postal History by Alan BECKER
Country: TUSCANY
Condition: THE PORT OF LIVORNO Maritime Postal History by Alan BECKER
Description: Alan Becker, The Port of Livorno - A Survey of its Maritime Postal History -- 17th to the 20th Centuries. in English, 74 pages (A4) spiral bound, color illustrations throughout. *************** This book brings together into one volume the current knowledge of the postal history of the port of Livorno. Although touched on in several other more general works, the last book covering this specific subject was published some 50 years ago. The Author is a long-time specialist of Livorno’s maritime mail postal history with related extensive collections on the various aspects. In 1676 Livorno was officially declared a free port, thus consolidating a pre-existing situation that dated back to the 1500s. During the ensuing decades many foreigners settled in Livorno forming sizable communities of French, Jewish, Dutch, Greek, Armenian and Levantine expatriates. In due course Livorno became the most important seaport of the Mediterranean, especially for importation of salted fish, cereals and grains. The Author begins with the 1600s mail of the Medici era which illustrates the great postal interaction the port had with import-export traders all over the Mediterranean and throughout Italy and Northern Europe. The end of the Medici dynasty and the inception of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty characterized the 1700s; these were the years that saw the post office revenue increase substantially. By the end of the 1700s, although the port’s traffic is said to have slowed down, Livorno was attracting an average 5,000 ships of all kinds and descriptions each year. Contemporaries described it as a chronically crowded port. The British had warehouses and their presence was rather important since Livorno imported spices, fabrics and manufactured goods from Britain; at the same time it exported to Britain silk, wine, olive oil, olives, cumin, straw hats, cheese, capers, camel and goat’s hair etc. The Napoleonic period brought the first maritime postmark “COLONIES PAR/LIVOURNE” and a better organized postal service. The Lorraine Grand Duke was restored in 1814; from a postal history viewpoint the 1820s, 30s and 40s, saw greater maritime traffic and with it more mail and more maritime mail postmarks. In 1843, provenance, instructional, routing and accessory hand-stamps were introduced for mail carried to Livorno by French Navy Steamers. Indeed, Becker visits all aspects of maritime mail and succeeds in presenting a clear picture of a rather complex subject matter. The 1859 Second War of Independence inflicted a severe blow on Austria and Tuscany went through a Provisional Government followed by a plebiscite that confirmed the wish of the people to have the Grand Duchy become part of the Kingdom of Italy. The transition period resulted in the adoption of Provisional Government stamps followed by those of the 4th issue of the Kingdom of Sardinia and later on those of the Kingdom of Italy. This is reflected on the covers of the time which become even more interesting with maritime mail postmarks. Mail disinfection was a major task for Livorno’s four lazarettos; they certainly were busy with bigger tasks but the postal aspect was one that was at the top of the priority list of health authorities. From the 1600s to the 1800s the lazarettos were the first to handle and disinfect incoming mail. Becker examines health passports - a corollary collecting area that appeals to specialists of disinfected mail. The steamers’ age saw the opening of French, Sardinian and Neapolitan steamship agencies in Livorno. The Grand Duchy launched the Tuscan Steamship Company in 1834 with a fleet of two vessels operating routes to Genoa, Naples and Sicily. Many hand-stamps of the agencies used on their mail feature a steamship making them particularly endearing to postal historians. With so many ships arriving every day of the week at Livorno, the port was also a major mail sorting hub; the lion’s share was secured by forwarding agents - 160 of them so far recorded as operating at Livorno. Their activity is documented by their endorsements on the letters and in many cases by the use of hand-stamps. The book ends with a very useful catalogue of cancellations used on maritime mail, and hand-stamps and seals used on disinfected mail. The English-speaking reader has now the opportunity to benefit from information and research not available before in his/her language. The Author is well aware of the needs of those who would venture in a rather complex field. A one town postal history with focus on maritime mail may look like an easy task, but experienced collectors will tell you differently. In this specific case we have a cosmopolitan town and port interacting with North Africa, Mediterranean islands, the Near East, Turkey, France and quite a number of countries in Europe. This is a fascinating book and an eye-opener for those who want to venture into new areas of research and collecting. [Reviewed by Giorgio Migliavacca]
Price: $58.00
Item Id #013104    See Details...
Description: SIMPLY THE BEST *** IN ITALIAN *** BEST INVESTMENT YOU CAN MAKE!!! 128 pages, illustrated throughout, high quality pictures in COLOR GIVES CHARACHTERISTICS OF GENUINE AND FORGED STAMPS OF LOMBARDY VENETIA SARDINIA TUSCANY PAPAL STATES - ROMAN STATES ROMAGNE MODENA PARMA NAPLES SICILY provides concise and clear background to All States and their issues highlights clues and details of genuine (in bold font) and forgeries (in script, italic) even if you do not know Italian in a few minutes, and with the help of a dictionary (Babel & others on the Internet) you will be able to use this book proficiently It is a bit expensive but the production is truly lavish, and if it saves you from buying the wrong stamp, as it will, then it's cheap, very cheap -- ALSO nowadays expertisers and expert committees charge up to $40-$50 per stamp even if forged...once you expertise a couple stamps by yourself with the help of this book you paid for it A BEAUTIFUL & MOST USEFUL BOOK LIMITED, BIBLIOPHILE EDITION: once sold out this will be a very difficult book to buy THIS IS A MUST HAVE bibliophile publication. WE HAVE SEVERAL OTHER BOOKS ON FORGERIES -- USE OUR SEARCH ENGINE FOR "FORGERIES"
Price: $109.00
Item Id #010546    See Details...
Country: ITALY
Description: ITALIAN STATES FORGERIES FALSI DEGLI ANTICHI STATI ITALIANI -- Étude sur les Faux Timbres de Deux Siciles * Etats de l’Eglise * Lombardo-Venetie * Modene * Parme * Romagne Sardaigne * Toscane ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Seminal work by A. De Haene , in French, plenty of good useful information throughout. Easy reading even for those with rather limited knowledge of French. It includes forgeries of the Italian States stamps: contemporary forgeries to defraud the post office, later forgeries, bogus and altered items, forged cancellations, Reprints. TWO SICILIES * NAPLES * SICILY * PAPAL STATES * LOMBARDY VENETIA * MODENA * PARMA * ROMAGNE * SARDINIA * TUSCANY Studio pionieristico di DE HAENE sui falsi degli Antichi Stati Italiani compresi falsi per posta, falsi per filatelisti, alterazioni e trucchi, annulli falsi, ristampe. In Francese, facile da usare. Reprint of the rare 1926 edition, fine quality, printed on high quality, white paper from short fibre pulp from eucalyptus trees, chlorine free. 40 pages with black & white illustrations. MANY ILLUSTRATIONS HAVE BEEN ADDED TO THE ORIGINAL EDITION and where possible the original edition has been digitally improved. LIMITED EDITION. THIS IS A MUST HAVE bibliophile publication.
Price: $21.00
Item Id #001932    See Details...
Country: TUSCANY
Catalog #: Sassone #21
Description: Fresh deep color, margins vertically shaven in places, horizontal margins are from good to very fine at top * POSTAL TARIFF PAID BY USING A SINGLE STAMP!!! Sassone 2,500 Euros for a 4 margined example
Price: $250.00     Sale Price! $140.00
Item Id #014283    See Details...