CHINA: ITALIAN POs

CHINA: ITALIAN POs Following the 1902 treaty with the Chinese government the Italian settlement at Tien-Tsin was given to Italy “in perpetuity”, and as such it became a “de facto” colony of Italy. On the other hand, the Beijing Italian settlement status was never changed. The opening of Italian Post Offices in China was decreed on 11 March 1920, with retroactive effect. In fact, two well organized post offices had been operative since 20 September 1917, and survived until the end of 1922: one was at Beijing and the other at Tientsin. Prior to issuing the 1917 stamps with the officially authorized overprints “Pechino” and “Tientsin” executed at Torino by the State Printing Works, Italian stamps were overprinted in China with straight line hand stamps supplied by the Italian Ministry of the Posts for use on registered mail. These hand stamps had other words but only the part with the town name was utilized for these test overprints. Therefore stamps exist hand stamped with block letters in black “PECHINO” and “TIENTSIN” [19 mm x 3 mm]. After this first attempt to create local stamps for use at the Italian Post Offices, between September and November, a new attempt was made by overprinting locally Italian definitive stamps: seven values with a two-line overprint “PECHINO / [face value in CENTS upper case – Chinese currency]” and three values with a two-line device “TIENTSIN / [face value in CENTS upper case – Chinese currency] are listed in Italian stamp catalogues. At almost the same time, Italian definitive stamps (1901-1916) were overprinted with the words “Pechino” or “Tientsin” at the Italian Printing Works at Torino, Italy. These stamps were issued on 1 December 1917, after each post office received varying quantities of nine different denominations to satisfy the local needs. The two postal facilities were authorized to handle registered, insured, and express mail, and offered a surprisingly wide range of services. The principals were the Italian consuls at Beijing and Tientsin, and the postal service was solely for the benefit of Italian personnel, Italian settlers, and crews of Italian ships in the area. In November 1918, both post offices received a top value, a 10 lire, with the above-mentioned one-line overprints, “Pechino” and :”Tientsin” respectively. Shortly after, on 1 December, a 30c Express stamp with the respective one-line overprint was issued together with a set of four postage due stamps with the usual one-line overprints for use at the Beijing and Tientsin Italian post offices. All these stamps, except for the early local two-line overprints, were overprinted locally in 1918-1919 to indicate – in the upper part of the stamp – the face value in Chinese currency. The overprint on the Pechino top 5 lire denomination is “2 / dollari [lower case]”; on its Tientsin counterpart it is “2 / Dollari [upper case D]”. However, in 1919, the “Pechino” top value appeared with an overprint with the currency in upper case “DOLLARI”. Only 15 stamps with this overprint are said to exist. Furthermore in 1920, the top value reappeared hand overprinted in its entirety “2 / dollari / Pechino”; in fact, the “Pechino” of the third line is not the letterpress overprint by the Italian Printing Works at Torino which measures 13 millimeters in width. The “Pechino” of the local hand overprint is 12 millimeters and the ink is “watery”. The top value for Tientsin suffered a somewhat similar fate. It reappeared in 1919 with the local overprint reading “2 / dollari [lower case]”. In 1921, the top value reappeared hand overprinted “2 / Dollari / Tientsin”. To complete this overview of the Italian Post Offices in China mention must be made that in 1917 Italy had re-issued the 20c orange, Michetti type, with watermark ‘crown’ – the twin denomination utilized for the 1917 “Pechino” and “Tientsin” overprints had been issued in 1916, and was unwatermarked. The 1917 watermarked type was overprinted “Pechino” and “Tientsin” in Torino, but never issued. The 25c, Michetti type, was issued in 1919 with a local overprint “10 CENTS” placed at the bottom of the stamp, just above the letterpress overprint “Pechino” applied at Torino. With two sets of postage due stamps (one line overprint, 1917; and the 1918 version with one line overprint added at the top to indicate the Chinese currency), in 1919 a new overprint was prepared “4 parallel solid lines / Post Office name / face value in Chinese currency”. The four parallel sold lines were supposed to obscure the embarrassingly prominent face value in Italian currency printed in red on the oval glory on white background. These novelties were prepared but never issued, therefore they exist only in mint condition. [By Giorgio Migliavacca ©] CENTERING Average to Fine IS TYPICAL OF THESE ISSUES * VERY FINE EXAMPLES MAY HAVE FORGED OVERPRINTS (if you collect genuine overprints this is how they come)

Showing 1–16 of 64 results

1917 PECHINO ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN BEIJING 30c ESPRESSO MINT HINGED
$15.00 $9.95

SCOTT E1 *** UNIFICATO CATALOGUE 2018 value 15 EUROS Mint Hinged

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1917 PECHINO ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN BEIJING 30c ESPRESSO MINT NEVER HINGED
$40.00 $26.00

SCOTT E1 *** UNIFICATO CATALOGUE 2018 value 40 EUROS Mint Never Hinged

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1917 PECHINO ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN BEIJING Postage Due SET 4v MINT NEVER HINGED
$80.00 $69.00

SCOTT J1-J4 MNH *** UNIFICATO CATALOGUE 2018 value for Mint Never Hinged 80 Euros

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1917 TIENTSIN ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN CHINA – FIRST THREE STAMPS ON PIECE great RARITY
$2,950.00 $1,900.00

SCOTT 1, 2, 4 *** on piece, tied by RR POSTE ITALIANE TIENTSIN * CINA …

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1917 TIENTSIN ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN CHINA Postage Due SET 4 VALUES MINT NEVER HINGED Fine
$70.00 $55.00

FINE TO VERY FINE **** SCOTT J1-J4 *** UNIFICATO CATALOGUE 2018 value 70 …

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1917-18 PECHINO [BEIJING] MINT NEVER HINGED FINE
$25.00 $18.00

SCOTT 17 ** UNIFICATO 2018 25 EUROS MINT HINGED

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1917-18 PECHINO 1 LIRA MINT NEVER HINGED
$45.00 $32.00

SCOTT 19 *** UNIFICATO 2018 45 EUROS MINT NEVER HINGED

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1917-18 PECHINO 10 LIRE MINT HINGED VERY FINE – Superb!!!
$280.00 $199.00

SCOTT 21 *** UNIFICATO 2018 280 EUROS MINT HINGED *** QUALITY OF THIS KIND ATTRACTS …

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1917-18 TIENTSIN ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN CHINA 1 cent MINT HINGED Fine
$22.00 $15.00

SCOTT 5 *** UNIFICATO CATALOGUE 2017 22 EUROS MINT HINGED

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1917-18 TIENTSIN ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN CHINA 10 LIRE Very Fine MINT HINGED
$240.00 $177.00

SCOTT 14 — UNIFICATO CATALOGUE 2018 value 240 EUROS FOR MINT HINGED —
1917-18 …

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1917-18 TIENTSIN ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN CHINA 10 LIRE Very Fine MINT NEVER HINGED
$600.00 $399.00

SCOTT 14 — UNIFICATO CATALOGUE 2018 value 600 EUROS FOR MINT NEVER HINGED

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1917-18 TIENTSIN ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN CHINA 25 cent MINT NEVER HINGED
$25.00 $17.00

SCOTT 10 *** UNIFICATO CATALOGUE 2018 value 25 EUROS MINT NEVER HINGED

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1917-18 TIENTSIN ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN CHINA 2c. MINT NEVER HINGED VERY FINE
$75.00 $49.00

SCOTT 6 *** UNIFICATO CATALOGUE 2018 value 75 EUROS for MNH (Mint Never Hinged)

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1917-18 TIENTSIN ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN CHINA 5 cent MINT HINGED Fine
$10.00 $6.50

SCOTT 7 ** UNIFICATO 2018 MINT HINGED value 10 EUROS —
1917-18 TIENTSIN ITALIAN POST OFFICE …

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1917-18 TIENTSIN: ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN CHINA 5 Lire MINT HINGED
$36.00 $24.00

SCOTT 13 * UNIFICATO CATALOGUE 2018 value 36 EUROS for MINT HINGED — …

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1917-1918 TIENTSIN ITALIAN POST OFFICE IN CHINE 1 LIRA MINT HINGED fine
$24.00 $13.90

SCOTT 12 *** UNIFICATO CATALOGUE 2018 value 24 EUROS for MINT HINGED

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