2013 ITALY COLA DI RIENZO STATUE MINT NEVER HINGED

$2.50

Country: ITALY

Condition: 2013 ITALY COLA DI RIENZO STATUE MINT NEVER HINGED

Item Id #: 10645

3 in stock

Description

On 23 November 2013, Italy issued a € 0.70 stamp to celebrate Cola di Rienzo (1313-1354) 700th birthday. The stamp depicts a statue of the great reformist and patriot by Girolamo Masini (1877) that adorns the grounds of the Capitol in Rome.
Born in Rome in a humble family, Cola (short for Nicola) took up his father’s name (Lorenzo, Rienzo for short) as was customary at the time. As a young man he studied as notary and had a great interest in history. He was appointed ambassador and visited the Pope at Avignon where the papal seat was.
In 1347, he was the leader of an insurrection in Rome. The nobles left the city and Cola became the tribune of the new order which also affected the barons of Tuscany and Umbria. The poet Petrarch nicknamed him the new Romulus. His attempts to convince other regions and states to start to re-build Italy as a nation were not successful. At the same time he made stern efforts to undermine the temporal power of the Pope. In 1352 he was extradited from Prague and was taken to Avignon where he was put on trial for heresy and other serious charges. The jury consisting of three cardinals sentenced him to death. However, a new pontiff pardoned and released him and in 1354 sent him back to Rome giving him the title of senator. On his way Cola put together a sizable army and after re-entering Rome he took full control of the city. His draconian style added new enemies to the list resulting in an uprising ending with his assasination. His mutilated body was exposed on the steps of a popular church for two days and then burnt in the vicinity of Augustus mausoleum.
After the reunification of Italy and the restoration of Rome as its capital in 1870, Cola di Rienzo’s legacy was credited as a great patriotic inspiration of the Risorgimento.
Wagner’ opera, RIENZI is based on the life of the revolutionary Cola. Even Verdi considered the potential of an opera based on the life of the patriot Cola.

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